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The present study deals with the effect of chronic toluene inhalation (30,000-40,000 ppm in air, 15 min/day for 30 days) that induced abnormal behavior states resembling the serotonin syndrome in rats: resting tremor, hindlimb abduction, Straub tail, head weaving and rigidity. The head weaving latencies were significantly decreased when assessed at 15 and(More)
Behavioral and neurochemical studies suggest that the induction of behavioral sensitization to psychostimulants involves transient changes at the synapses of the ventral tegmental area's dopaminergic neurons (VTA-DA). Differences in the behavioral response to amphetamine (Amph) and methylphenidate (MPD) were observed. In an attempt to understand these(More)
The present study is an attempt to examine the neuronal circuitry of a supraspinal site engaged in pain modulation. Five physiological measures were postulated as the criteria for defining a central nervous system site engaged in the circuitry of pain modulation. The lateral hypothalamus met these five measures: (i) 81% of the lateral hypothalamus neurons(More)
Electrophysiological (single cell) experiments were undertaken to examine whether neurons in the rat parafasciculus thalami (PF) are involved in mediating the antinociceptive response to GABAergic drugs. The results indicated that: noxious stimuli excite most PF neurons; microiontophoretic application of morphine, GABA or the GABA agonist, THIP, attenuated(More)
The properties of local application of glutamate, morphine and serotonin in the dorsal raphe (DR) area and the effects of DR electrical stimulation on the spontaneous activity and on the nociceptive responses of 135 parafascicularis (PF) neurons were studied. It was observed that local glutamate application within the DR exerts an effect upon the(More)
Neuromodulators interact with classically defined neurotransmitters to regulate a variety of biological processes. The aim of the present study was to study whether interferon-alpha (IFN) can be considered as a neuromodulator. Single cell recordings from five CNS structures were recorded before and following three different routes of IFN administration in(More)
Single-cell experiments were undertaken to examine the hypothesis that serotonin (5-HT) and morphine participate in ascending pain suppression phenomena. The observations demonstrate that: 1) dorsal raphe stimulation (DRS) modulates the spontaneous activity and the noxious-evoked responses of parafasciculus (PF) neurons, and the modulating effects of DRS(More)
Neuronal death during brain aging results, at least in part, from the disruption of synaptic connectivity caused by oxidative stress. Synaptic elimination might be caused by increased instability of the neuronal processes. In vitro evidence shows that melatonin increases MAP-2 expression, a protein that improves the stability of the dendritic cytoskeleton,(More)
In mammals, there is an underlying mechanism that dictates the organism's biological functions and daily activity schedule, known as circadian rhythms, which play a major role in maintaining steady metabolism, homeostasis, and immunity. Limited research has been done investigating the effects of continuous opiate administration on the circadian rhythm(More)
Galphimine-B (G-B) is a bioactive compound isolated from the plant Galphimia glauca Cav. (Malpighiaceae) with central nervous system depressant properties previously described. In the present study, extracellular spiking activity records in either somatosensorial cortex or ventral tegmental area (VTA) neurons, were performed in rats after i.p. or local(More)