Cristophe Duc

Learn More
Axonin-1 is a neuronal glycoprotein occurring both as a membrane-bound and a secreted form. Membrane-bound axonin-1 is predominantly located in membranes of developing nerve fiber tracts and has recently been characterized as a cell adhesion molecule; the soluble form is secreted from axons and accumulates in the cerebrospinal fluid and the vitreous fluid(More)
Absolute metabolite concentrations were determined in four different brain regions using phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) on 10 healthy adult volunteers. Localized spectra were collected simultaneously from the cerebellum and the cerebrum and, later, from deep white matter and cortical gray matter by means of a two-volume ISIS pulse(More)
PURPOSE Vigabatrin (VGB) is a new antiepileptic drug that increases the human brain gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) level by irreversibly inhibiting GABA transaminase. Although some patients respond to VGB with a significant seizure reduction, others do not. The aim of this study was to identify possible responders before or in an early phase of VGB(More)
The feasibility of selective in vivo detection of glutathione (L-gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine, GSH) in the human brain by means of (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) at 1.5 T is demonstrated. A double quantum coherence (DQC) filtering sequence was used in combination with PRESS volume selection. The strongly coupled cysteinyl CH(2) compound of(More)
We studied two epileptic patients with arachnoid brain cysts by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS). In addition, histochemical analyses of surgical specimens, cerebrospinal fluid, and cystic fluid were performed in one of the patients. In both patients, greatly increased levels of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) glutamate and aspartate were(More)
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is a rare but well known entity first described by the German neurosurgeon Schaltenbrand. We report the clinical and radiological findings of four patients (2 males, 2 females, mean age 55 years) presenting with this clinical entity and peculiar constant MRI findings. Intense postural headache was present in all patients(More)
The new antiepileptic drug vigabatrin (VGB) increases gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. We compared GABA+/Cr signals measured focus-near and focus-distant and correlated it with the degree of response to VGB. Brain GABA+/Cr signals were measured in 17 epileptic patients in structurally normal appearing tissue by nuclear proton magnetic resonance(More)
Aggressive angiomyxoma (AAM) is a rare tumor that preferentially involves the pelvis and perineal regions and arises from the connective tissue. Its cause and pathogenesis are unknown at present. Treatment typically involves surgery, and despite apparently complete resection, local recurrences are common. We describe a case of a large angiomyxoma of the(More)
Hippocampal metabolite concentrations were determined by localized in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) in eleven patients suffering from refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE), as well as in eleven age-matched healthy volunteers, and compared with patient history, postoperative outcome and histopathology. Main results are: 1) In(More)
Normal metabolite concentrations were determined in five different brain regions of healthy adult volunteers using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) in vivo. The absolute in vivo concentrations of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatine and phosphocreatine (Cre), and choline containing compounds (Cho) were quantified from measurements obtained with(More)