Cristofer A. Caous

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Investigations show the paratrigeminal nucleus (Pa5) as an input site for sensory information from the sciatic nerve field. Functional or physical disruption of the Pa5 alters behavioral and somatosensory responses to nociceptive hindpaw stimulation or sciatic nerve electrostimulation (SNS), both contralateral to the affected structure. The nucleus, an(More)
The paratrigeminal nucleus (Pa5), an input site for spinal, trigeminal, vagus and glossopharyngeal afferents, is a recognized site for orofacial nociceptive sensory processing. It has efferent connections to brain structures associated with nociception and cardiorespiratory functions. This study aimed at determining the function of the Pa5 on the(More)
The nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS), a termination site for primary afferent fibers from baroreceptors and other peripheral cardiovascular receptors, contains blood pressure-sensitive neurons, some of which have rhythmic activity locked to the cardiac cycle, making them key components of the central pathway for cardiovascular regulation. The(More)
The paratrigeminal nucleus (Pa5) receives primary sensory inputs from the vagus, glossopharyngeal, and trigeminal nerves and has efferent projections to the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS), rostroventrolateral reticular nucleus (RVL), as well as to the nucleus ambiguus (Amb), lateral reticular (LRt), parabrachial (PB) and ventral posteromedial thalamic(More)
A small collection of neurons in the dorsal lateral medulla, the paratrigeminal nucleus (Pa5), projects directly to the rostroventrolateral reticular nucleus (RVL). Bradykinin (BK) microinjections in the Pa5 produce marked pressor responses. Also, the Pa5 is believed to be a component of the neuronal substrates of the somatosensory response and the(More)
Correspondence: Walter Humberto Zavala Cárdenas Instituto do Cérebro, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Av Albert Einstein, 627/701, Piso Chinuch (2S), Morumbi, São Paulo/SP, Brazil, CEP 05651-901 Tel +55 11 21512044 Fax +55 11 3813 4334 Email walter.cardenas@einstein.br Background: Nanoparticles in suspension are often utilized for intracellular labeling(More)
OBJECTIVE Morphological study that searched to authenticate the presence of sinoaortic baroreceptor inputs within the dorsolateral medullary nucleus under electron microscopy analysis. METHODS After a 5-day survival period, 9 baroreceptor-denervated rats deeply anaesthetized with equithesin were transcardially perfused and their brains were histologically(More)
The paratrigeminal nucleus, which receives sensory input from trigeminal, glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves, has efferent projections to bulbar, pontine and possibly to thalamic structures associated with nociception, thermoregulation and cardiovascular control. Anterograde neuronal tracers were used to study paratrigeminal efferent connections. Labeled(More)
OBJECTIVE To propose a measure (index) of expected risks to evaluate and follow up the performance analysis of research projects involving financial and adequate structure parameters for its development. METHODS A ranking of acceptable results regarding research projects with complex variables was used as an index to gauge a project performance. In order(More)
Olfactory perception, although restricted to just a few contexts in everyday life, is key in medicine. Several dementia conditions have been associated with early loss of olfactory discrimination. Despite the fact that several brain areas have been associated with olfaction in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the mechanisms by which emotional(More)