Cristine Cunha Schmidt

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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether dopexamine hydrochloride beneficially influences splanchnic perfusion and regulators of the macrocirculation and microcirculation in patients undergoing surgery of the abdominal aorta. DESIGN Prospective, blinded, and randomized study. SETTING University-affiliated hospital. PARTICIPANTS Twenty patients undergoing(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of perioperative epidural analgesia on hemodynamics, splanchnic perfusion and regulators of circulation. METHODS Twenty patients undergoing aortic surgery were randomised into two groups: epidural analgesia group (EAG): epidural analgesia with bupivacaine (15 ml, 0.125%) was started before surgery. Eight and 16 hr(More)
Postanaesthetic shivering affects up to 70% of patients after general anaesthesia, and may be very distressing. Various drugs have been used to treat or prevent postanaesthetic shivering, but the ideal one has not yet been found. Sixty patients undergoing elective abdominal or orthopaedic surgery under general anaesthesia were included in a randomised,(More)
UNLABELLED Elderly patients are at risk of developing renal dysfunction. Synthetic colloids are often used perioperatively, but they may have detrimental effects on renal function. In a prospective, randomized study, we assessed the influence of different intravascular volume replacement regimens on renal function in elderly (>65 yr) and younger (< 65 yr)(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatic blood flow is reduced in a dose-related manner by all inhaled anesthetics now in use. We assessed hepatic function in elderly patients anesthetized with desflurane or sevoflurane. We measured the cytosolic liver enzyme alpha glutathione S-transferase (alpha GST), the formation of the lidocaine metabolite monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX),(More)
UNLABELLED With the development of new computer-assisted target-controlled infusion (TCI) systems and the availability of short-acting anesthetics, total IV anesthesia (TIVA) has become increasingly popular. The aim of this study was to compare costs of TCI-based anesthesia with two standard anesthesia regimens. Sixty patients undergoing elective(More)
A standardized rat endotoxin shock model was used to assess the differential effects of four commonly used anesthetics upon hemodynamics before and during endotoxin shock. Forty-nine male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 307 +/- 4 g were divided into five groups:freely-moving conscious, enflurane (2%), isoflurane (1.4%), pentobarbital (6 mg.kg-1.h-1 i.v.), and(More)
OBJECTIVE The prognostic estimation of cerebral complications after cardiac surgery is a major problem in the early postoperative period. Neuron specific enolase (NSE) is an enzyme involved in glycolysis, which is localized in neurons and axonal processes. It escapes into the blood and cerebrospinal fluid at the time of neural injury. Therefore we focused(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of our study was to investigate the effects of sodium nitroprusside-induced hypotension on splanchnic perfusion and hepatocellular integrity. Thirty patients undergoing radical prostatectomy were allocated randomly to a sodium nitroprusside (SNP) or control group (control). Regional pco2 was measured using gastric tonometry, and the(More)
UNLABELLED This placebo-controlled study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of urapidil compared with clonidine and meperidine in preventing postanesthetic shivering, which is common after anesthesia administration and may be very distressing. We studied 120 patients undergoing elective abdominal or orthopedic surgery under standardized general(More)