Cristine Betzer

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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and the presence of Lewy bodies in surviving neurons. These intracellular protein inclusions are primarily composed of misfolded α-synuclein (aSyn), which has also been genetically linked to familial and sporadic(More)
Oligomeric species of various proteins are linked to the pathogenesis of different neurodegenerative disorders. Consequently, there is intense focus on the discovery of novel inhibitors, e.g. small molecules and antibodies, to inhibit the formation and block the toxicity of oligomers. In Parkinson disease, the protein α-synuclein (αSN) forms cytotoxic(More)
Soluble oligomers formed by α-synuclein (αSN) are suspected to play a central role in neuronal cell death during Parkinson's disease. While studies have probed the surface structure of these oligomers, little is known about the backbone dynamics of αSN when they form soluble oligomers. Using hydrogen/deuterium exchange monitored by mass spectrometry(More)
α-synuclein is normally situated in the nerve terminal but it accumulates and aggregates in axons and cell bodies in synucleinopathies such as Parkinson's disease. The conformational changes occurring during α-synucleins aggregation process affects its interactions with other proteins and its subcellular localization. This review focuses on interaction(More)
Monomeric α-synuclein (αSN) species are abundant in nerve terminals where they are hypothesized to play a physiological role related to synaptic vesicle turn-over. In Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy body (DLB), αSN accumulates as aggregated soluble oligomers in terminals, axons and the somatodendritic compartment and insoluble filaments in(More)
S100 proteins are calcium-dependent regulators of homeostatic processes. Upon cellular response to stress, and notably during tumorigenesis, they relocalize to the extracellular environment where they induce pro-inflammatory signals by activating the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), thereby facilitating tumor growth and metastasis.(More)
Variations in the α-synuclein-encoding SNCA gene represent the greatest genetic risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD), and duplications/triplications of SNCA cause autosomal dominant familial PD. These facts closely link brain levels of α-synuclein with the risk of PD, and make lowering α-synuclein levels a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of PD(More)
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