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We have recently shown that TNF-related weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is a mediator of inflammatory bone remodeling. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of TWEAK in modulating human osteoblast activity, and how TWEAK and TNFalpha might interact in this context. Recombinant TWEAK and TNF were both mitogenic for human primary osteoblasts(More)
Circulating 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D) derives from renal conversion of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) (25D), by the 25D 1 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP27B1). Blood 25D levels, but not 1,25D levels, are the best indicator of vitamin D status and predict fracture risk in the elderly. We examined the extent to which osteoblasts can metabolize 25D.(More)
UNLABELLED RANK expression in vivo on hematopoietic subsets including pre-osteoclasts, identified by monoclonal antibodies, has not been described. We describe the lineages that express RANK in bone marrow, peripheral blood, and GCTs. We show that CD14(+)RANK(high) cells constitute a circulating pre-osteoclast pool. INTRODUCTION The expression of RANK by(More)
It is well established that calcitonin is a potent inhibitor of bone resorption; however, a physiological role for calcitonin acting through its cognate receptor, the calcitonin receptor (CTR), has not been identified. Data from previous genetically modified animal models have recognized a possible role for calcitonin and the CTR in controlling bone(More)
The extrarenal synthesis of 1α,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D) has been demonstrated in a number of cell types including osteoblasts and cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage. The skeleton appears responsive to serum levels of the 1,25D precursor, 25 hydroxyvitamin D3 (25D), in terms of bone mineralization parameters. The effect of metabolism of 25D into(More)
Peripheral T lymphocytes from patients with infectious mononucleosis (IM) are sensitized in vivo against the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The expression of HLA-A, B, or C molecules at the target cell surface is necessary for the cytotoxic reaction because (a) EBV-positive Daudi cells lacking HLA-A, B, and C determinants are resistant to anti-EBV T-cell lysis,(More)
While it has been assumed that osteoblasts in the human support osteoclast formation, in vitro evidence of this is currently lacking. We tested the ability of normal human trabecular bone-derived osteoblasts (NHBCs) to support osteoclast formation from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in response to treatment with either(More)
PURPOSE Multiple myeloma is an incurable disease, for which the development of new therapeutic approaches is required. Here, we report on the efficacy of recombinant soluble Apo2L/tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) to inhibit tumor progression and bone destruction in a xenogeneic model of human multiple myeloma. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Osteoclasts are the unique cell type capable of resorbing bone. The discovery of the TNF-ligand family member, RANKL, has allowed more reliable study of these important cells. The mouse monocytic cell line, RAW 264.7, has been shown to readily differentiate into osteoclasts upon exposure to recombinant RANKL. Unlike primary osteoclast precursors, there is(More)
INTRODUCTION TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) has been proposed as a mediator of inflammation and bone erosion in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to investigate TWEAK and TWEAK receptor (Fn14) expression in synovial tissue from patients with active and inactive rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoarthritis (OA) and normal controls and(More)