Learn More
Hypophosphatemic rickets is commonly an X-linked dominant disorder (XLH or HYP) associated with a renal tubular defect in phosphate transport and bone deformities. The XLH gene, referred to as PHEX, or formerly as PEX (phosphate regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on the X-chromosome), encodes a 749-amino acid protein that putatively consists(More)
Homozygous mutations in TNFRSF11B, the gene encoding osteoprotegerin, were found in affected members from six of nine families with idiopathic hyperphosphatasia. The severity of the phenotype was related to the predicted effects of the mutations on osteoprotegerin function. INTRODUCTION Idiopathic hyperphosphatasia (IH) is a rare high bone turnover(More)
Mendelian disorders of RANKL/OPG/RANK signaling feature the extremes of aberrant osteoclastogenesis and cause either osteopetrosis or rapid turnover skeletal disease. The patients with autosomal dominant accelerated bone remodeling have familial expansile osteolysis, early-onset Paget's disease of bone, expansile skeletal hyperphosphatasia, or panostotic(More)
We report the beneficial effects of calcium infusions in a child with hereditary resistance to 1,25(OH)2D and alopecia. This patient after transient responsiveness to vitamin D derivatives became unresponsive to all therapy despite serum 1,25(OH)2D concentrations maintained at levels approximately 100-fold normal. A 7-mo trial with calcium infusions led to(More)
In order to evaluate the role of intrinsic defects in osteoblast function in the pathogenesis of diseases of skeletal development, we developed techniques which permit the evaluation of the metabolic properties of bone-derived cells in vitro. Cells from control children demonstrated a variety of properties classically attributed to osteoblasts (presence of(More)
We investigated the in vitro effect of corticosteroids on the responsiveness of human cells of osteoblast lineage to parathyroid hormone (PTH). Prior to corticosteroid treatment, the cells demonstrated only a small increase in cAMP production and no measurable change in transmembrane potential in response to PTH. Exposure of cells to dexamethasone resulted(More)
Chronic idiopathic hyperphosphatasia (CIH), or juvenile Paget disease, is a rare disorder characterized by increased bone turnover and progressive enlargement of bones. We report a girl, 6 1/2 years old, with a history of three fractures, short stature, delayed eruption of teeth, and poor hair growth. She had a waddling gait, bone deformities,(More)
Glucocorticoids are used for the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, cancer, and in prevention of organ rejects. A frequent secondary effect of longterm treatment with corticoids is the loss of bone mass, caused by several mechanisms: decrease in the intestinal calcium absorption, increase of the renal calcium excretion at the distal renal(More)
The circulating concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D metabolites were measured in 25 infants (fifteen to 30 days of age) with congenital hypothyroidism before treatment or during the first 6 months of thyroxine therapy. Five of the children before treatment and four during the early 3 months of treatment had mild hypercalcemia (10.8 to 12.4(More)
In order to improve vitamin D status of children from Ushuaia (55 degrees S), at the South of Argentina, double supplementation with 100.000 IU of vitamin D was administered at the beginning of winter (March 2004), and 3 months later during winter (June 2004). In 2004, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) was measured before the first supplementation, a month(More)