Cristina Sobrino

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Phytoplankton size structure is key for the ecology and biogeochemistry of pelagic ecosystems, but the relationship between cell size and maximum growth rate (μ(max) ) is not yet well understood. We used cultures of 22 species of marine phytoplankton from five phyla, ranging from 0.1 to 10(6) μm(3) in cell volume (V(cell) ), to determine experimentally(More)
Pigment composition and its variation with culture agewere analyzed in six strains of Nannochloropsis(Eustigmatophyceae). The capacity for accumulationof the ketocarotenoids astaxanthin and canthaxanthinwas higher in N. salina and N. gaditanathan in the other strains studied here. Theinfluence of salinity (15 to 100 practical units) onpigment production was(More)
We studied the effects of elevated CO2 concentrations (0.03% vs. 0.1%) on light absorption, membrane permeability, growth, and carbon fixation under photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposures in the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. Susceptibility of photosynthesis to UVR was estimated using biological weighting(More)
Temperature is expected to modify the effects of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) on photosynthesis by affecting the rate of repair. We studied the effect of short-term (1 h) and long-term (days) acclimation to temperature on UVR photoinhibition in the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana Hasle et Heimdal. Photosynthesis was measured during 1 h exposures to varying(More)
It is well known that UV radiation can cause deleterious effects to the physiological performance, growth and species assemblages of marine primary producers. In this review we describe the range of interactions observed between these impacts of ultraviolet radiation (UVR, 280-400 nm) with other environmental factors such as the availability of(More)
The toxicity of two linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) homologues (C(10) and C(13)) was evaluated in four marine microalgae (Nannochloropsis gaditana, Tetraselmis suecica, Rhodomonas salina, and Isocrysis galbana), using growth inhibition rate and esterase activity (measured by flow cytometry) as endpoints. The inhibitor effect was higher for the C(13) LAS(More)
This study shows the response of Nannochloropsis gaditana, a marine nannoplanktonic species, exposed to UV radiation for 7 days. PAR, UV-A and UV-B ratios used were within the range likely to be observed in nature, a photoperiod of 12L:12D was maintained, and light irradiances were modified daily to promote cell acclimation. Growth, pigment content,(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of UV-A (320 to 400 nm) and UV-B (280 to 320 nm) radiation on diel patterns of growth and metabolic activity of the marine picoplankter Nannochloris atomus using flow cytometry. N. atomus cells exposed to PAR (400 to 700 nm), PAR+UV-A and PAR+UV-A+UV-B showed clear diel patterns in cell size, chlorophyll(More)
The sensitivity of photosynthesis to ultraviolet radiation (UV) was assessed for phytoplankton assemblages in two Swiss lakes, pre-alpine Lake Lucerne (Vierwaldstättersee) and alpine Lake Cadagno, using both in situ and laboratory incubations. Biological weighting functions for UV inhibition of photosynthesis (BWFs) were determined in the laboratory using(More)
doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2005.00538.x The light-induced de-epoxidation of xanthophylls is an important photoprotective mechanism in plants and algae. Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR, 280–400 nm) can change the extent of xanthophyll de-epoxidation, but different types of responses have been reported. The de-epoxidation of violaxanthin (V) to(More)