Cristina Ruiz-Romero

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Mitochondria are involved in many cellular processes; mitochondrial dysfunctions have been associated with apoptosis, aging, and a number of pathological conditions, including osteoarthritis (OA). Mitochondrial proteins are attractive targets for the study of metabolism of the chondrocyte, the unique cell type present in mature cartilage, and its role in(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify those proteins relatively more abundant in the synovial fluid (SF) of patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) using high performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. 20 individual SF samples from each disease were pooled into two groups (RA and OA) to reduce the(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common rheumatic pathology. It is related to aging and is characterized primarily by cartilage degradation. Despite its high prevalence, the diagnostic methods currently available are limited and lack sensitivity. The focus of this review is the application of proteomic technologies in the search of new biomarkers(More)
Due to the complex structure of the articular joint, it requires great effort to fully understand joint disease pathogenesis. The proteomic analysis of articular joint tissues could contribute greatly to our insight into the endogenous control mechanisms of matrix turnover and the unravelling of the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study addresses the effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on cell death in human chondrocytes. METHODS Osteoarthritis (OA) human chondrocytes stimulated with Actinomycin-D (ActD) were used as a cellular apoptotic model. Caspase family mRNA expression and protein synthesis were analyzed by the(More)
Mitochondria are important regulators of cellular function and survival that may have a key role in aging-related diseases. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations and oxidative stresses are known to contribute to aging-related changes. Osteoarthritis (OA) is an aging-associated rheumatic disease characterized by articular cartilage degradation and elevated(More)
INTRODUCTION Chondroitin sulfate (CS) and glucosamine sulfate (GS) are symptomatic slow-acting drugs for osteoarthritis (OA) widely used in clinic. Despite their widespread use, knowledge of the specific molecular mechanisms of their action is limited. The aim of this work is to explore the utility of a pharmacoproteomic approach for the identification of(More)
INTRODUCTION The heterogeneity of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and the absence of clinical tests accurate enough to identify the early stages of this disease have hampered its management. Therefore, proteomics research is increasingly focused on the discovery of novel biological markers, which would not only be able make an early diagnosis, but also to gain(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by cartilage degradation. The chondrocyte is the only cell type present in mature cartilage, and it is important in the control of cartilage integrity. The aim of this study was to analyze, by a proteomic approach, the changes that are characteristic of OA chondrocytes, and to identify new OA-related proteins.(More)
INTRODUCTION Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is a symptomatic slow-acting drug for osteoarthritis (OA) widely used in the clinic. The aim of this work is to find proteins whose secretion from cartilage cells under proinflammatory stimuli (IL-1β) is regulated by CS, employing a novel quantitative proteomic approach. METHODS Human articular chondrocytes released(More)