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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a central role in the regulation of multiple biological processes including the maintenance of stem cell self-renewal and pluripotency. Recently, the miRNA cluster miR302-367 was shown to be differentially expressed in embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Unfortunately, very little is known about the genomic structure of miRNA-encoding genes(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) translation is mediated by an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) located at the 5′ end of the genomic RNA. The 3′ untranslatable region (3′UTR) stimulates translation by the recruitment of protein factors that simultaneously bind to the 5′ end of the viral genome. This leads to the formation of a macromolecular complex with a closed(More)
OBJECTIVE The use of small RNA molecules able to effect gene inactivation has emerged as a powerful method of gene therapy. These small inhibitory RNAs are widely used for silencing malignant cellular and viral genes. We have assayed a series of inhibitory RNAs named catalytic antisense RNAs, consisting of a catalytic domain, hairpin or hammerhead ribozyme,(More)
It was only relatively recently discovered that nucleic acids participate in a variety of biological functions, besides the storage and transmission of genetic information. Quite apart from the nucleotide sequence, it is now clear that the structure of a nucleic acid plays an essential role in its functionality, enabling catalysis and specific binding(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) translation initiation is directed by an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) and regulated by distant regions at the 3'-end of the viral genome. Through a combination of improved RNA chemical probing methods, SHAPE structural analysis and screening of RNA accessibility using antisense oligonucleotide microarrays, here, we show that(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA genome contains multiple structurally conserved domains that make long-distance RNA-RNA contacts important in the establishment of viral infection. Microarray antisense oligonucleotide assays, improved dimethyl sulfate probing methods and 2' acylation chemistry (selective 2'-hydroxyl acylation and primer extension, SHAPE)(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) translation is mediated by a highly conserved internal ribosome entry site (IRES), mainly located at the 5'untranslatable region (5'UTR) of the viral genome. Viral protein synthesis clearly differs from that used by most cellular mRNAs, rendering the IRES an attractive target for novel antiviral compounds. The engineering of RNA(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Netrin-1, a multifunctional secreted protein, is up-regulated in cancer and inflammation. Netrin-1 blocks apoptosis induced by the prototypical dependence receptors deleted in colorectal carcinoma and uncoordinated phenotype-5. Although the unfolded protein response (UPR) triggers apoptosis on exposure to stress, it first attempts to(More)
Rolling-circle replication of streptococcal plasmid pMV158 is controlled by the concerted action of two trans-acting elements, namely transcriptional repressor CopG and antisense RNAII, which inhibit expression of the repB gene encoding the replication initiator protein. The pMV158-encoded antisense RNAII exerts its activity of replication control by(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) contains a (+) ssRNA genome with highly conserved structural, functional RNA domains, many of them with unknown roles for the consecution of the viral cycle. Such genomic domains are candidate therapeutic targets. This study reports the functional characterization of a set of aptamers targeting the cis-acting replication(More)