Cristina Romero-Lopez

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a central role in the regulation of multiple biological processes including the maintenance of stem cell self-renewal and pluripotency. Recently, the miRNA cluster miR302-367 was shown to be differentially expressed in embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Unfortunately, very little is known about the genomic structure of miRNA-encoding genes(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) translation is mediated by an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) located at the 5′ end of the genomic RNA. The 3′ untranslatable region (3′UTR) stimulates translation by the recruitment of protein factors that simultaneously bind to the 5′ end of the viral genome. This leads to the formation of a macromolecular complex with a closed(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) translation initiation is directed by an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) and regulated by distant regions at the 3'-end of the viral genome. Through a combination of improved RNA chemical probing methods, SHAPE structural analysis and screening of RNA accessibility using antisense oligonucleotide microarrays, here, we show that(More)
It was only relatively recently discovered that nucleic acids participate in a variety of biological functions, besides the storage and transmission of genetic information. Quite apart from the nucleotide sequence, it is now clear that the structure of a nucleic acid plays an essential role in its functionality, enabling catalysis and specific binding(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA genome contains multiple structurally conserved domains that make long-distance RNA-RNA contacts important in the establishment of viral infection. Microarray antisense oligonucleotide assays, improved dimethyl sulfate probing methods and 2' acylation chemistry (selective 2'-hydroxyl acylation and primer extension, SHAPE)(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Netrin-1, a multifunctional secreted protein, is up-regulated in cancer and inflammation. Netrin-1 blocks apoptosis induced by the prototypical dependence receptors deleted in colorectal carcinoma and uncoordinated phenotype-5. Although the unfolded protein response (UPR) triggers apoptosis on exposure to stress, it first attempts to(More)
Rolling-circle replication of streptococcal plasmid pMV158 is controlled by the concerted action of two trans-acting elements, namely transcriptional repressor CopG and antisense RNAII, which inhibit expression of the repB gene encoding the replication initiator protein. The pMV158-encoded antisense RNAII exerts its activity of replication control by(More)
The RNA genome of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) establishes a network of long-distance RNA-RNA interactions that direct the progression of the infective cycle. This work shows that the dimerization of the viral genome, which is initiated at the dimer linkage sequence (DLS) within the 3'UTR, is promoted by the CRE region, while the IRES is a negative(More)
The cis-acting replication element (CRE) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA genome is a region of conserved sequence and structure at the 3' end of the open reading frame. It participates in a complex and dynamic RNA-RNA interaction network involving, among others, essential functional domains of the 3' untranslated region and the internal ribosome entry(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) contains a (+) ssRNA genome with highly conserved structural, functional RNA domains, many of them with unknown roles for the consecution of the viral cycle. Such genomic domains are candidate therapeutic targets. This study reports the functional characterization of a set of aptamers targeting the cis-acting replication(More)