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Photoactivated psoralens used in treatment of skin diseases like Psoriasis and Vitiligo cause DNA damage, the repair of which may lead to mutations and thus to higher risk to have skin cancer. The simple eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae was chosen to investigate the cells' genetic endowment with repair mechanisms for this type of DNA damage and to study(More)
Breaking of hyphae derived from growth of the phytopathogenic fungus Crinipellis perniciosa in liquid media yielded cell aggregates that performed as "quasi single cell" in toxicity assays. When treated with the chemical mutagens 4-nitroquinoleine-1-oxide (4NQO), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), or paraquat (PAQ) as well as with ultraviolet light (UVC), broken(More)
Alcohol dehydrogenases catalyse the reversible oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes or ketones, with concomitant reduction of NAD(+) or NADP(+) . Adh1p is responsible for the reduction of acetaldehyde to ethanol, while Adh2p catalyses the reverse reaction, the oxidation of ethanol to acetaldehyde. Lack of Adh1p shifts the cellular redox balance towards excess(More)
In order to clarify the molecular mechanisms of Sn(2+) genotoxicity, we evaluated the induction of strand breaks, formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (Fpg) and endonuclease III (Endo III) sensitive sites, and the interference with the repair of methyl methane sulfonate (MMS)-caused DNA damage in V79 Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts exposed to stannous(More)
A pathogenesis-related (PR) protein from Theobroma cacao (TcPR-10) was identified from a cacao-Moniliophthora perniciosa interaction cDNA library. Nucleotide and amino acid sequences showed homology with other PR-10 proteins having P loop motif and Betv1 domain. Recombinant TcPR-10 showed in vitro and in vivo ribonuclease activity, and antifungal activity(More)
Resistance to stannous chloride (SnCl(2)) of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a product of several metabolic pathways of this unicellular eukaryote. Sensitivity testing of different null mutants of yeast to SnCl(2) revealed that DNA repair contributes to resistance, mainly via recombinational (Rad52p) and error-prone (Rev3p) steps. Independently, the(More)
Tin or stannous (Sn(2+)) compounds are used as catalysts, stabilizers in plastic industries, wood preservatives, agricultural biocides and nuclear medicine. In order to verify the Sn(2+) up-take and toxicity in yeast cells we utilized a multi-elemental analysis known as particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) along with cell survival assays and quantitative(More)
Blocking aldehyde dehydrogenase with the drug disulfiram leads to an accumulation of intracellular acetaldehyde, which negatively affects the viability of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mutants of the yeast gene PSO2, which encodes a protein specific for repair of DNA interstrand cross-links, showed higher sensitivity to disulfiram compared to the wild(More)
The basidiomycete Moniliophthora perniciosa causes Witches' Broom disease in Theobroma cacao. We studied the influence of carbon source on conditioning hyphae to oxidative stress agents (H(2)O(2), paraquat, 4NQO) and to UVC, toward the goal of assessing the ability of this pathogen to avoid plant defenses involving ROS. Cells exhibited increased resistance(More)
TcPR-10, a member of the pathogenesis-related protein 10 family, was identified in EST library of interactions between Theobroma cacao and Moniliophthora perniciosa. TcPR-10 has been shown to have antifungal and ribonuclease activities in vitro. This study aimed to identify proteins that are differentially expressed in M. perniciosa in response to TcPR-10(More)