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Transepithelial fluid transport was measured gravimetrically in rabbit gallbladder (and net Na+ transport was calculated from it), at 27°C, in HCO 3 − -free bathing media containing 10−4 m acetazolamide. Whereas luminal 10−4 m bumetanide or 10−4 m 4-acetamido-4′-iso-thiocyanostilbene-2,2′-disulfonate (SITS) did not affect fluid absorption, 25 mm SCN−(More)
Latex beads coated with secretory immunoglobulin (IgA) instilled into mouse intestinal loops are taken up by M cells present in Peyer's patch follicle-associated epithelial tissue. Bead adsorption and uptake is greater at the edge compared with the apex of follicle domes. Coating beads with bovine serum albumin (BSA) causes a fourfold reduction in(More)
The active transcytosis of many different polypeptides (either presented free or adsorbed on latex nanoparticles), found in the respiratory mucosa of the upper nasal concha, has previously been shown to be proportional to the total volume of the lymphoid aggregates present in the tissue. By combining the use of fluorescent nanoparticles, flux measurements,(More)
Functional evidence of Na(+)-glucose cotransport in rat lung has been provided by Basset et al. (J. Physiol. 384:325-345, 1987). By autoradiography [(3)H]phloridzin binding has been found confined to alveolar epithelial type II cells in mouse and rabbit lungs (Boyd, J. Physiol. 422: 44P, 1990). In this research we checked by immunofluorescence whether(More)
In rabbit nasal mucosa, free polypeptides and polypeptide-coated nanospheres are actively absorbed by the M cells present in specialized areas of the epithelium. Because polypeptide-coated nanosphere transport was abolished in the presence of free polypeptides, free polypeptides and polypeptide-coated nanospheres are shown here to compete. Fluxes of(More)
M cells are specialized structures in the Peyer's patch follicle-associated epithelium capable of taking up bacteria, viruses and other pathogens for later presentation to the gut-associated lymphoid tissue. The present work studies how coating microspheres with different proteins affects their ability to be taken up by M cells under near physiological(More)
The specific transcytosis of polypeptides, demonstrated in the nasal respiratory mucosa of the rabbit, seems to be involved in antigen sampling at the airway entry, since absorption has been shown only to occur if lymphoid aggregates are present beneath the epithelium and to be proportional to aggregate volume. Nanoparticles and many polypeptides besides(More)
1. Transepithelial electrical p.d. (Vms), short circuit current (Isc) and transepithelial resistance (Rep) were determined in rabbit nasal mucosa and were compared with the equivalent parameters of human nasal mucosa. 2. Vms was about 1 mV (submucosa positive) in the absence of glucose, but increased continuously in the presence of glucose. Since Isc also(More)
It has been suggested that the specific transcytosis of polypeptides, demonstrated in rabbit nasal mucosa (upper concha), is involved in antigen sampling at the airway entry. To test this hypothesis, unidirectional transepithelial fluxes of carbocalcitonin (CCT Mw = 3362) from the mucosal to the submucosal side, and vice versa, were measured by(More)