Cristina Porta

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The active transcytosis of many different polypeptides (either presented free or adsorbed on latex nanoparticles), found in the respiratory mucosa of the upper nasal concha, has previously been shown to be proportional to the total volume of the lymphoid aggregates present in the tissue. By combining the use of fluorescent nanoparticles, flux measurements,(More)
Latex beads coated with secretory immunoglobulin (IgA) instilled into mouse intestinal loops are taken up by M cells present in Peyer's patch follicle-associated epithelial tissue. Bead adsorption and uptake is greater at the edge compared with the apex of follicle domes. Coating beads with bovine serum albumin (BSA) causes a fourfold reduction in(More)
Functional evidence of Na(+)-glucose cotransport in rat lung has been provided by Basset et al. (J. Physiol. 384:325-345, 1987). By autoradiography [(3)H]phloridzin binding has been found confined to alveolar epithelial type II cells in mouse and rabbit lungs (Boyd, J. Physiol. 422: 44P, 1990). In this research we checked by immunofluorescence whether(More)
The stilbene- and dipyridamole-sensitive Cl-conductance (GCl), non-additively activated by some inhibitors of the Cl-/HCO3- exchanger (hydrochlorothiazide, phlorizin, phenylglyoxal) after the exchanger inhibition in the apical plasma membrane of rabbit gallbladder epithelium, has been investigated by patch-clamp technique with cell-attached and inside-out(More)
M cells are specialized structures in the Peyer's patch follicle-associated epithelium capable of taking up bacteria, viruses and other pathogens for later presentation to the gut-associated lymphoid tissue. The present work studies how coating microspheres with different proteins affects their ability to be taken up by M cells under near physiological(More)
1. Transepithelial electrical p.d. (Vms), short circuit current (Isc) and transepithelial resistance (Rep) were determined in rabbit nasal mucosa and were compared with the equivalent parameters of human nasal mucosa. 2. Vms was about 1 mV (submucosa positive) in the absence of glucose, but increased continuously in the presence of glucose. Since Isc also(More)
The specific transcytosis of polypeptides, demonstrated in the nasal respiratory mucosa of the rabbit, seems to be involved in antigen sampling at the airway entry, since absorption has been shown only to occur if lymphoid aggregates are present beneath the epithelium and to be proportional to aggregate volume. Nanoparticles and many polypeptides besides(More)
It has been suggested that the specific transcytosis of polypeptides, demonstrated in rabbit nasal mucosa (upper concha), is involved in antigen sampling at the airway entry. To test this hypothesis, unidirectional transepithelial fluxes of carbocalcitonin (CCT Mw = 3362) from the mucosal to the submucosal side, and vice versa, were measured by(More)
We have previously demonstrated that polypeptides (elcatonin and ACTH) can be actively absorbed across the rabbit nasal mucosa. In this paper we show that elcatonin is also transported when it is adsorbed onto microspheres (diameter: 0.5 micron). whereas the elcatonin-uncovered microspheres do not display any net transport. Cytochalasin D (0.1 microgram/ml)(More)
An active absorption of polypeptides (elcatonin = CCT; adrenocorticotropic hormone) had been previously observed in the nasal respiratory mucosa of the rabbit. Its saturation kinetics and the parallel absence of a net transfer of other non-polypeptidic organic markers excluded the involvement of a simple pinocytosis. This absorption has been now better(More)