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Mutations of survival of the motor neuron gene (SMN1) are responsible for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a common genetic cause of death in childhood. The cellular mechanism by which mutations of SMN1 are responsible for the selective neuromuscular defect and motor neuron cell degeneration observed in SMA has not been described. We have previously generated(More)
Action potential properties were studied in rat extensor digitorum longus fibers, at different times after locally setting the membrane to a holding potential of -90 mV. Whereas in normal muscles holding potential duration had little effect on the action potential, the holding potential duration markedly influenced membrane excitability in the fibers(More)
Mitochondria have their own translation machinery that produces key subunits of the OXPHOS complexes. This machinery relies on the coordinated action of nuclear-encoded factors of bacterial origin that are well conserved between humans and yeast. In humans, mutations in these factors can cause diseases; in yeast, mutations abolishing mitochondrial(More)
Substance P and Met-enkephalin were detected by radioimmunoassay and immunocytochemistry in the rat lumbar spinal cord. The sciatic nerve was lesioned by resecting a piece and the proximal stump was either ligated, for limiting neurite outgrowth, or intraperitoneally sutured, allowing the formation of a large neuroma. Ten days post lesioning both peptide(More)
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