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Mutations of survival of the motor neuron gene (SMN1) are responsible for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a common genetic cause of death in childhood. The cellular mechanism by which mutations of SMN1 are responsible for the selective neuromuscular defect and motor neuron cell degeneration observed in SMA has not been described. We have previously generated(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae the nicotinic acid moiety of NAD+ can be synthesized from tryptophan using the kynurenine pathway or incorporated directly using nicotinate phosphoribosyl transferase (NPT1). We have identified the genes that encode the enzymes of the kynurenine pathway and for BNA5 (YLR231c) and BNA6 (YFR047c) confirmed that they encode(More)
Carbon catabolite repression is mediated in Aspergillus nidulans by the negative acting protein CreA. The CreA repressor plays a major role in the control of the expression of the alc regulon, encoding proteins required for the ethanol utilization pathway. It represses directly, at the transcriptional level, the specific transacting gene alcR, the two(More)
Vincristine (VCR) administration to rabbits resulted in severe electrophysiologic alterations of peripheral nerves. Sciatic nerve conduction velocity, compound action potential (CAP) amplitude, and area under the CAP waveform were all reduced in a dose-dependent fashion. In addition, the pattern of conduction velocity of both motor and sensory fibers was(More)
The alcA gene which is part of the recently identified ethanol regulon, is one of the most strongly inducible genes in Aspergillus nidulans. Its transcriptional activation is mediated by the AlcR transactivator which contains a DNA-binding domain belonging to the C6 zinc binuclear cluster family. AlcR differs from the other members of this family by several(More)
In the A. nidulans ethanol utilization pathway, specific induction is mediated by the transactivator AlcR which is subject to strong positive autogenous regulation and activates the transcription of the two structural genes alcA and aldA. Carbon catabolite repression is mediated by CreA which represses directly the transacting gene alcR and the two(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the RAM network is involved in cell separation after cytokinesis, cell integrity and cell polarity. The key function of this network is the regulation of the activity of the protein kinase Cbk1p, which is a member of the conserved NDR kinase family. Cbk1p function is controlled by its sub-cellular localization and at least two(More)
A 5-week treatment with vincristine (0.20 or 0.25 mg/kg, i.v., once/week) in the rabbit produced a peripheral neuropathy characterized by both morphologic and electrophysiologic alterations. In particular, electrophysiologic recordings demonstrated that the amplitude, area and conduction velocity of compound action potential (CAP) were consistently reduced(More)
Expression of the structural genes for alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenase, alcA and aldA, respectively, enables the fungus Aspergillus nidulans to grow on ethanol. The pathway-specific transcriptional activator AlcR mediates the induction of ethanol catabolism in the presence of a coinducing compound. Ethanol catabolism is further subject to negative(More)
Substance P and Met-enkephalin were detected by radioimmunoassay and immunocytochemistry in the rat lumbar spinal cord. The sciatic nerve was lesioned by resecting a piece and the proximal stump was either ligated, for limiting neurite outgrowth, or intraperitoneally sutured, allowing the formation of a large neuroma. Ten days post lesioning both peptide(More)