Cristina Padula

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Oxybutynin is used extensively in the treatment of patients with overactive bladder. The aim of this work was to realize and test in vitro a new transdermal bioadhesive film containing oxybutynin. Transdermal films were prepared by dissolving in water an adhesive (Plastoid), a film-forming polymer (polyvinyl alcohol), a plasticizer (sorbitol) and the drug.(More)
Trans-scleral delivery is nowadays considered as a possible way to deliver drugs to the posterior segment of the eye. Despite the potentiality of this administration route, there is a lack of fundamental knowledge on the role of the numerous barriers involved. The aim of this work was to develop an easy and cheap ex vivo method to evaluate the barrier(More)
Proteins and oligonucleotides represent powerful tools for the treatment of several ocular diseases, affecting both anterior and posterior eye segments. Despite the potential of these compounds, their administration remains a challenge. The last years have seen a growing interest for the noninvasive administration of macromolecular drugs, but still there is(More)
The aim of this study was the optimization of a lidocaine-based film formulation for the prevention of pain from needle prick during the injection of local anesthetic in dentistry. Film performances were evaluated in vitro by studying lidocaine permeation across pig esophageal epithelium as model for nonkeratinized buccal mucosa. The results obtained showed(More)
We have recently described an innovative drug delivery system, a water-based and vapor permeable film intended for dermal and/or transdermal delivery. The aim of this work was to modulate the delivery of the model drug lidocaine hydrochloride from the transdermal film across rabbit ear skin. The effect of drug loading, of film-forming polymer type and(More)
The aim of this work was to study, in vitro and in vivo, the behavior of a skin bioadhesive film containing lidocaine. The film characterization included drug transport studies through skin in vitro and in vivo tape stripping with and without iontophoresis. We studied the effect of drug loading in order to identify the release mechanism. Finally, the(More)
INTRODUCTION Dermal and transdermal drug delivery systems offer the possibility to control the release of the drug for an extended period of time. In particular, skin-delivery of local anesthetics (LA) is one of the most important strategies to increase the local drug concentration and to reduce systemic adverse reactions. AREAS COVERED During the(More)
The aim of this work was to explore the effect of iontophoresis on acyclovir (ACV) accumulation and permeation. In particular, the objectives were to check the efficacy of the transport mechanisms, electromigration and electroosmosis, on drug accumulation. Permeation experiments were performed in vitro, using rabbit ear skin as barrier, from donor solutions(More)
This paper describes an innovative transdermal drug delivery system, a monolaminated bioadhesive film in which the usual constituents of transdermal patches (backing, drug and adhesive) have been condensed in one single layer, denominated Patch-non-Patch. The main characteristics of the film is that it is not self-adhesive in the dry state but becomes(More)
We synthesized esters of alpha-tocopherol (VE) with the aim to develop new pro-vitamins, easily reconverted by enzymes in the skin and able to release another active moiety such as an amino acid, in order to obtain a synergic effect. In particular, the attention was dedicated to the amino acids glycine and alanine and to pyroglutamic acid. The sensitivity(More)