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To elucidate potential roles of CUL4-DDB1-DWD (for Cullin 4-Damaged DNA Binding1-DDB1 binding WD40) E3 ligases in abscisic acid (ABA) signaling, we examined ABA sensitivities of T-DNA mutants of a number of Arabidopsis thaliana DWD genes, which encode substrate receptors for CUL4 E3 ligases. Mutants in two DWD genes, DWA1 and DWA2 (DWD hypersensitive to(More)
Light and gibberellins (GAs) mediate many essential and partially overlapping plant developmental processes. DELLA proteins are GA-signalling repressors that block GA-induced development. GA induces degradation of DELLA proteins via the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway, but light promotes accumulation of DELLA proteins by reducing GA levels. It was proposed(More)
Restraint stress, 6 h/day for 21 days, caused an impairment, during acquisition, of the performance of a spatial memory task, the eight-arm radial maze. The impairment was reversible, temporally limited and blocked by phenytoin, a blocker of excitatory amino acid action, or tianeptine, an antidepressant, which lowers extracellular serotonin. These effects(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, the authors demonstrated altered gene expression in the jejunal mucosa of diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome patients (IBS-D); specifically, the authors showed that genes related to mast cells and the intercellular apical junction complex (AJC) were expressed differently than in healthy subjects. The aim of the authors here(More)
OBJECTIVES Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) patients show altered epithelial permeability and mucosal micro-inflammation in both proximal and distal regions of the intestine. The objective of this study was to determine the molecular events and mechanisms and the clinical role of upper small intestinal alterations. METHODS Clinical(More)
In many plants, photomorphogenesis is the default developmental program after seed germination, and provides the key features that allow adaptation to light. This program is actively repressed if germination occurs in the absence of light, through a mechanism dependent on the E3 ubiquitin ligase activity that is encoded in Arabidopsis by COP1 (CONSTITUTIVE(More)
Between September 1996 and May 1999, the incidence and distribution of the main human rotavirus G genotypes (VP7 associated: G1-G4) and P genotypes (VP4 associated: P[8], P[4], P[6] and P[9]) among children with rotavirus gastroenteritis were determined using reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)-based genotyping methods. From a total(More)
We describe the clinical, radiologic, functional, and pulmonary hemodynamic characteristics of a group of 30 nonsmoking patients with a lung disease that may be related to intense, long-standing indoor wood-smoke exposure. The endoscopic and some of the pathologic findings are also presented. Intense and prolonged wood-smoke inhalation may produce a chronic(More)
Characterisations of 'old' and 'new' economies often seem to suggest that they are separate areas of economic activity which have grown and developed on different technological bases and according to different organisational principles. There has been a tendency for some observers to make assumptions that suggest that manufacturing is in decline in 'new'(More)
Our digital society is giving rise to diverse expressions of entrepreneurship, up to the point that it is redefining the meaning of the word 'enterprise' in a context where 'the network is the business'. The almost organic combination of two Internet research domains, the 'Internet of Things' and the 'Future Internet Enterprise Systems', engendered a new(More)