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OBJECTIVES Oral health in Down syndrome children has some peculiar aspects that must be considered in the follow-up of these patients. This study focuses on characterizing the environmental and host factors associated with dental caries in Portuguese children with and without Down syndrome. METHODS A sibling-matched, population-based, cross-sectional(More)
AIM This article intends to describe the characteristics of Down syndrome children in order to facilitate their management in the dental office. METHODS A review of literature was made limited to articles published between 2003 and 2013. The article is based on a literature search in PubMed and the authors' clinical experience with the patient group. (More)
AIM The present study focuses on the relationship between dental caries and saliva components such as phosphate, calcium, potassium, chloride as well as α-amylase in children with Down syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-five Caucasian sibling pairs, with the mean age of 13±4 years compose the final sample. Stimulated whole saliva was collected from DS(More)
OBJECTIVES Although individuals with Down syndrome have considerable oral disease, the prevalence of dental caries in this group is low. The present study aimed to compare known risk factors for dental caries development in children with Down syndrome and a matched population (siblings). In both populations, the number of acidogenic microorganisms, such as(More)
Portugal, a medium- to low-level endemic country (21·6 cases/100 000 population in 2012), has one of the highest European Union tuberculosis (TB) incidences. Although incidence is declining progressively, the country's heterogeneity in both regional endemics and their evolution suggests the importance of a better understanding of subnational epidemiology to(More)
Cristina Maria Areias, Benedita Sampaio-Maia, Hercilia Guimaraes, Paulo Melo, David Andrade I Odontopediatrics, Faculdade de Medicina Dentária da Universidade do Porto, Porto, PT. II Microbiology, Faculdade de Medicina Dentária da Universidade do Porto, Porto, PT. III Pediatrics, Faculdade de Medicina Universidade do Porto, Porto, PT. IV Dentistry,(More)