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Electrical stimuli applied to a single dorsal root (DR) of the neonatal rat spinal cord in vitro were used to test the possibility that the central pattern generator responsible for locomotion could be activated by synaptic inputs. Brief pulse trains evoked oscillatory patterns recorded from pairs of lumbar ventral roots. These patterns alternated(More)
The function of GABA or glycine during early postnatal development remains controversial as their action is reported as either excitatory or inhibitory. The present study addressed the question of the functional role of GABA or glycine on rat motoneurons shortly after birth. For this purpose, using in vitro preparations from immature rats (postnatal age,(More)
Electrophysiological recordings were used to explore the role of group II and III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in oscillatory patterns generated by the neonatal rat spinal cord in vitro. Neither the group II agonist DCG-IV (and the selective antagonist EGLU), nor the group III agonist L-AP4 (and its selective antagonist CPPG) had any effect on(More)
Intracellular recording from rat lumbar motoneurones showed that patterned electrical stimulation of one dorsal root induced alternating patterns typical of fictive locomotion, accompanied by a reduction in the antidromic spike afterhyperpolarization (AHP). Since the AHP depended linearly on extracellular K(+) ([K(+)](o)), from the AHP fall we calculated(More)
Although calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) modulates muscle-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) via intracellular second messenger-mediated phosphorylation, the action of this peptide on neuronal-type nAChRs remains unknown. Using neuronal nAChRs of rat chromaffin cells in vitro we studied the effect of CGRP, which is physiologically(More)
To extend our understanding of the network-based properties which enable a neuronal circuit to produce sustained electrical oscillations, we explored the potential contribution of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) to generation of rhythmic discharges. The in vitro spinal cord of the neonatal rat was used as a model to find out if electrical patterns(More)
This study examined whether activation of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) could modulate synaptic inhibition of spinal motoneurons in the neonatal rat isolated spinal cord. Recurrent inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) generated by Renshaw cells were evoked via antidromic stimulation of motor axon collaterals and recorded(More)
The role of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), and their subtypes 1 or 5, in rhythmic patterns generated by the neonatal rat spinal cord was investigated. Fictive locomotor patterns induced by N-methyl-d-aspartate + serotonin were slowed down by the subtype 1 antagonists (RS)-1-aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxylic acid (AIDA) or(More)
While group I glutamate metabotropic (mGlu) receptors show discrete neuronal distribution in the neonatal rat spinal cord, the functional role of their distinct receptor subtypes remains uncertain. Intracellular recording from lumbar motoneurons together with extracellular recording of ventral root (VR) responses was used to investigate the differential(More)
This paper examines the effect of pre- and neonatal exposure of rats to lead (0.1% lead acetate in drinking water, resulting in rat offspring whole blood lead concentration (Pb-B) 4μg/dL) on the energy status of neuronal mitochondria by measuring changes in ATP, ADP, AMP, adenosine, TAN concentration, adenylate energy charge value (AEC) and mitochondrial(More)