Cristina Maccalli

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This review critically discusses data on immunology of colorectal cancer, starting from pathology and molecular biology, and then considering the molecular characterisation of colon cancer antigens and the clinical trials of immunotherapy. A careful evaluation of histopathological studies on intra-epithelial infiltration by T cells in primary tumours,(More)
To determine whether T-cell-receptor (TCR) usage by T cells recognizing a defined human tumor antigen in the context of the same HLA molecule is conserved, we analyzed the TCR diversity of autologous HLA-A2-restricted cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) clones derived from five patients with metastatic melanoma and specific for the common melanoma antigen(More)
As a preliminary to transducing human melanoma cells with lymphokine genes, we sought for constitutive gene expression and production of eight interleukins, tumour necrosis factors and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor in 19 human melanoma cell lines. Conversion of RNA into cDNA by reverse transcriptase and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were(More)
In this study we tested the hypothesis that loss of T cell signaling molecules in metastatic melanoma patients' T cells may affect differently T cell subsets characterized by distinct TCR variable regions. By a two-color immunofluorescence technique, expression of zeta-chain, lck, and ZAP-70 was evaluated in CD3+ T cells and in three representative T cell(More)
HLA-A2-restricted, CD3+, CD8+, alpha/beta+ cytotoxic T cell (CTL) clones were isolated from peripheral blood (PBL) or tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) of two HLA-A2+ melanoma patients (9742 and 5810), to evaluate the possible recognition of autologous melanoma and of allogeneic HLA-A2-matched normal melanocytes. These CTL clones lysed not only fresh and(More)
Two human melanoma lines were transduced by a retroviral vector with the gene of the human interleukin-2 (IL-2) and characterized for their immunological properties in comparison with the parental lines. Transduction resulted in the production of biologically active IL-2 in the average amounts of 2,282 and 2,336 pg/ml per 10(5) cells per 24 hr over 3 and 2(More)
To determine whether HLA-A21 restricted melanoma Ags exist that are not expressed on normal melanocytes, a panel of 478 T cell clones from six HLA-A21+ patients was selected for HLA-A2 restricted lysis of autologous tumor and then tested for differential recognition of HLA-A2.1+ melanomas and normal melanocytes. Four subsets of clones were identified in the(More)
Metastatic melanoma patients treated with an autologous DNP-modified tumor cell vaccine develop inflammatory responses in metastatic tumors characterized by infiltration of CD8+ T cells. To further define this immune response, we analyzed T cell receptor beta-chain variable (TCRBV) region repertoire in biopsy specimens and peripheral blood lymphocytes of(More)
Tumor cell populations have been recently proposed to be composed of two compartments: tumor-initiating cells characterized by a slow and asymmetrical growth, and the "differentiated" cancer cells with a fast and symmetrical growth. Cancer stem cells or cancer-initiating cells (CICs) play a crucial role in tumor recurrence. The resistance of CICs to drugs(More)
HLA-A2+ melanomas express common melanoma-associated antigens (Ags) recognized in vitro by autologous cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). However, it is not known whether tumor Ags can drive in vivo a selective accumulation/expansion of Ag-specific, tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes (TIL). Therefore, to evaluate this possibility, 39 CTL clones isolated from(More)