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The neural substrate underlying cognitive impairments after chemotherapy is largely unknown. Here, we investigated very late (>9 years) effects of adjuvant high-dose chemotherapy on brain white and gray matter in primary breast cancer survivors (n = 17) with multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A group of breast cancer survivors who did not receive(More)
Previous studies have suggested toxic effects of recreational ecstasy use on the serotonin system of the brain. However, it cannot be excluded that observed differences between users and non-users are the cause rather than the consequence of ecstasy use. As part of the Netherlands XTC Toxicity (NeXT) study, we prospectively assessed sustained effects of(More)
A high-resolution gradient echo, multi-slice segmented echo planar imaging method was used for functional MRI (fMRI) using a motor task at 1.5 Tesla. Functional images with an in-plane resolution of 1 mm and slice thickness of 4 mm were obtained with good white-gray matter contrast. The multi-shot approach, combined with a short total readout period of 82(More)
Motoneuron disease is a term encompassing three phenotypes defined largely by the balance of upper versus lower motoneuron involvement, namely amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, primary lateral sclerosis and progressive muscular atrophy. However, neuroradiological and pathological findings in these phenotypes suggest that degeneration may exceed the neuronal(More)
BACKGROUND Neurotoxic effects of ecstasy have been reported, although it remains unclear whether effects can be attributed to ecstasy, other recreational drugs or a combination of these. AIMS To assess specific/independent neurotoxic effects of heavy ecstasy use and contributions of amphetamine, cocaine and cannabis as part of The Netherlands XTC Toxicity(More)
Dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MRI is a widespread method that has found broad application in the imaging of the musculoskeletal (MSK) system. A common way of analyzing DCE MRI images is to look at the shape of the time-intensity curve (TIC) in pixels selected after drawing an ROI in a highly enhanced area. Although often applied to a number of MSK(More)
It is debated whether ecstasy use has neurotoxic effects on the human brain and what the effects are of a low dose of ecstasy use. We prospectively studied sustained effects (>2 weeks abstinence) of a low dose of ecstasy on the brain in ecstasy-naive volunteers using a combination of advanced MR techniques and self-report questionnaires on psychopathology(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is used to follow-up intracranial aneurysms treated with detachable coils to identify recurrence and determine need for additional treatment. However, DSA is invasive and involves a small risk of neurologic complications. We assessed the feasibility and usefulness of 3D time-of-flight (TOF) MR(More)
Arterial spin-labeling (ASL) is a relatively new and noninvasive MR imaging technique, used to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF). Scanning time and reproducibility remain important issues in the clinical applicability of ASL. We expected both to benefit from higher field strengths. We describe that when performing ASL at 3T, 20 averages suffice to obtain(More)
BACKGROUND High-dose radiotherapy is standard treatment for patients with brain cancer. However, in preclinical research external beam radiotherapy is limited to heterotopic murine models- high-dose radiotherapy to the murine head is fatal due to radiation toxicity. Therefore, we developed a stereotactic brachytherapy mouse model for high-dose focal(More)