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We report here retinotopically based magnocellular deficits in a patient with a unilateral parieto-occipital lesion. We applied convergent methodologies to study his dorsal stream processing, using psychophysics as well as structural and functional imaging. Using standard perimetry we found deficits involving the periphery of the left inferior quadrant(More)
BACKGROUND Ten neurodegenerative disorders characterized by spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) are known to be caused by trinucleotide repeat (TNR) expansions. However, in some instances the molecular diagnosis is considered indeterminate because of the overlap between normal and affected allele ranges. In addition, the mechanism that generates expanded alleles(More)
Sensory deficits have been documented in Parkinson's disease, in particular within the visual domain. However, ageing factors related to the brain and to neural and non-neural ocular structures could explain some of the previously reported results, in particular the claimed impairment within the koniocellular pathway. This study addressed visual impairment(More)
Motion processing involves multiple hierarchical steps, from the magnocellular pathway, sensitive to high temporal frequency modulations, to subsequent motion integration within the visual cortical dorsal stream. We have tested whether motion integration deficits in mild Parkinson disease (PD) can be explained by visual deficits in earlier processing nodes.(More)
Accumulating data suggests that mitochondrial deficits may underline both sporadic and familial Parkinson’s disease (PD) neurodegenerative process. Impairment of mitochondrial dynamics results in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, decreases mitochondrial membrane potential, and could potentiate the accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria.(More)
In this work we studied the mitochondrial-associated metabolic pathways in Huntington's disease (HD) versus control (CTR) cybrids, a cell model in which the contribution of mitochondrial defects from patients is isolated. HD cybrids exhibited an interesting increase in ATP levels, when compared to CTR cybrids. Concomitantly, we observed increased glycolytic(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding beta-glucocerebrosidase, a lysosomal degrading enzyme, have recently been associated with the development of Parkinson disease. Here we report the results found in a cohort of Portuguese Parkinson disease patients and healthy age-matched controls for mutations in the aforementioned gene. This screening was accomplished by(More)
Mitochondria likely play a role in Parkinson's disease (PD) neurodegeneration. We modelled PD by creating cytoplasmic hybrid (cybrid) cell lines in which endogenous mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from PD or control subject platelets was expressed within human teratocarcinoma (NT2) cells previously depleted of endogenous mtDNA. Complex I activity was reduced in(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this work was to evaluate the role of ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) on mitochondrial-driven alpha-synuclein (aSN) clearance in in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo Parkinson's disease (PD) cellular models. METHOD We used SH-SY5Y ndufa2 knock-down (KD) cells, PD cybrids and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients meeting(More)