Cristina Januário

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BACKGROUND Recent studies indicate an increased frequency of mutations in the gene encoding glucocerebrosidase (GBA), a deficiency of which causes Gaucher's disease, among patients with Parkinson's disease. We aimed to ascertain the frequency of GBA mutations in an ethnically diverse group of patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS Sixteen centers(More)
Sensory deficits have been documented in Parkinson's disease, in particular within the visual domain. However, ageing factors related to the brain and to neural and non-neural ocular structures could explain some of the previously reported results, in particular the claimed impairment within the koniocellular pathway. This study addressed visual impairment(More)
Mitochondria likely play a role in Parkinson's disease (PD) neurodegeneration. We modelled PD by creating cytoplasmic hybrid (cybrid) cell lines in which endogenous mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from PD or control subject platelets was expressed within human teratocarcinoma (NT2) cells previously depleted of endogenous mtDNA. Complex I activity was reduced in(More)
LRRK2 mutations have recently been described in families with Parkinson's disease. Here we show that one of them (G2019S) is present in 6% (7 of 124) unrelated cases of disease in a clinic-based sample series from central Portugal, but not present in 126 controls from the same population. Thus, LRRK2 mutations appear to be a common cause of typical(More)
Mutations in GIGYF2 have recently been described as causative of Parkinson's disease in Europeans. In an attempt to replicate these results in independent populations, we sequenced the entire coding region of GIGYF2 in a large series of Portuguese and North American samples. We report the finding of two of the previously published mutations in(More)
BACKGROUND Ten neurodegenerative disorders characterized by spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) are known to be caused by trinucleotide repeat (TNR) expansions. However, in some instances the molecular diagnosis is considered indeterminate because of the overlap between normal and affected allele ranges. In addition, the mechanism that generates expanded alleles(More)
Motion processing involves multiple hierarchical steps, from the magnocellular pathway, sensitive to high temporal frequency modulations, to subsequent motion integration within the visual cortical dorsal stream. We have tested whether motion integration deficits in mild Parkinson disease (PD) can be explained by visual deficits in earlier processing nodes.(More)
The mechanisms by which neurons die in Huntington's disease (HD) are uncertain, however, mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis have been implicated. Because peripheral abnormalities may reflect similar consequences of mutant huntingtin in the brain, we evaluated markers of apoptotic cell death and mitochondrial function in peripheral blood cells of 10 HD(More)
Accumulating data suggests that mitochondrial deficits may underline both sporadic and familial Parkinson’s disease (PD) neurodegenerative process. Impairment of mitochondrial dynamics results in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, decreases mitochondrial membrane potential, and could potentiate the accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria.(More)
BACKGROUND Pathological brain iron deposition has been implicated as a source of neurotoxic reactive oxygen species in Alzheimer (AD) and Parkinson diseases (PD). Iron metabolism is associated with the gene hemochromatosis (HFE Human genome nomenclature committee ID:4886), and mutations in HFE are a cause of the iron mismetabolism disease, hemochromatosis.(More)