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In this work we investigated the role of the tyrosine decarboxylation pathway in the response of Enterococcus faecium E17 cells to an acid challenge. It was found that 91% of the cells were able to remain viable in the presence of tyrosine when they were incubated for 3 h in a complex medium at pH 2.5. This effect was shown to be related to the tyrosine(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) disorders remain a formidable challenge for the development of efficient therapies. Cell and gene therapy approaches are promising alternatives that can have a tremendous impact by treating the causes of the disease rather than the symptoms, providing specific targeting and prolonged duration of action. Hampering translation of(More)
After screening 372 strains of Lactobacillus spp. isolated from a Portuguese traditional dry fermented sausage, two Lactobacillus strains, a Lactobacillus homohiochii and a L. curvatus were selected, because they were positive for tyrosine and ornithine decarboxylase activities. Evidence for extracellular proteolytic activity was also demonstrated for the(More)
Cheese produced from raw ewes' milk and chouriço, a Portuguese dry fermented sausage, are still produced in a traditional way in certain regions of Portugal by relying on colonization by microbial populations associated with the raw materials, equipment, and local environments. For the purpose of describing the product origins and types of these fermented(More)
AIMS To demonstrate that the meat food strain Weissella halotolerans combines an ornithine decarboxylation pathway and an arginine deiminase (ADI) pathway and is able to produce putrescine, a biogenic amine. Evidence is shown that these two pathways produce a proton motive force (PMF). METHODS AND RESULTS Internal pH in W. halotolerans was measured with(More)
We identified a new mutation in the mtDNA-encoded transfer RNA glutamate gene (tRNAGlu) in a patient presenting with late-onset myopathy. The mutation was nearly homoplasmic in muscle but hardly detectable in peripheral blood. Adding to the list of disease-related mtDNA variants, our findings propose to consider screening of tRNAGlu in cases of late-onset(More)
The understanding of the molecular genetics in sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) has advanced rapidly during the last decade, but the molecular etiology of hearing impairment in the Portuguese population has not been investigated thoroughly. To provide appropriate genetic testing and counseling to families, we analyzed the whole mitochondrial genome in 95(More)
Tick-borne diseases are emerging worldwide and have an important zoonotic relevance. Dogs play an important role in the epidemiology of several zoonotic tick-borne pathogens acting as sentinels and/or reservoirs. This study focused on the molecular identification of tick-borne pathogens in blood samples of 153 autochthonous asymptomatic dogs in Maio Island,(More)
We report a novel 14724G>A mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA glutamic acid gene in a 4-year-old boy with myopathy and leukoencephalopathy. A muscle biopsy showed cytochrome c oxidase-negative ragged-red fibers and biochemical analysis of the respiratory chain enzymes in muscle homogenate revealed partial complex I and complex IV deficiencies. The mutation,(More)
INTRODUCTION Mitochondrial disorders display remarkable genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of the clinical, histological, biochemical, and genetic features of 65 patients with molecular diagnoses of mitochondrial disorders. RESULTS The most common genetic diagnosis was a single large-scale mitochondrial(More)