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AIM To assess orthodontic treatment need in the Italian child population using the R.O.M.A. (Risk Of Malocclusion Assessment) Index. STUDY DESIGN Observational study (cross-sectional). MATERIALS, METHODS AND RESULTS The ROMA Index was used in examining a sample of 420 children (214 males and 206 females; mean age: 9.3 years), none of whom had previously(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphological effects and the surface irregularities produced by different methods of mechanical stripping (abrasive strips and burs) and chemical stripping (37% orthophosphoric acid) and the surface changes following the finishing procedures (polishing strips) or the subsequent application of sealants,(More)
Nowadays oral appliance therapy is recognised as an effective therapy for many patients with primary snoring and mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), as well as those with more severe OSA who cannot tolerate positive airway pressure (PAP) therapies. For this reason, it is important to focus on objective criteria to indicate which subjects may(More)
AIM The aim of the study was to find a correlation between the evaluation of skeletal maturation performed by the study of cervical vertebrae maturation indicators and the evaluation obtained by the hand and wrist maturation indicators. METHODS Left hand wrist radiographs and the corresponding lateral cephalograms of 90 patients (48 males and 42 females;(More)
AIM A new index targeted on the risk of malocclusions in primary dentition, called Baby-ROMA (Risk Of Malocclusion Assessment) index, was set up to assess risks/benefits in early orthodontic therapies. The Baby-ROMA index was designed from the observation that some of the malocclusion signs, observed in primary dentition, can worsen with growth, others(More)
AIM The aim of the study is to estimate the orthodontic treatment timing for the main occlusal problems in growing patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS STUDY DESIGN a cross-sectional study was carried out in Italian primary and secondary schools from 2008 to 2011; 1375 males and 1642 females, aged between 8 and 13 years, were visited. The sample is divided(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between dental arch form and the vertical facial pattern determined by the angle between the mandibular plane and the anterior cranial base (Sella-nasion/mandibular plane angle (SN-MP)) in skeletal class II untreated patients. METHODS A sample of 73 Caucasians patients with untreated(More)
AIM The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of malocclusion and the need for orthodontic treatment in a sample of 3,017 Italian schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS STUDY DESIGN 1,375 males and 1,642 females, aged between 8 and 13 years, were visited in primary and secondary schools. Signs of malocclusion were registered according to an(More)
Patients submitted to surgical advancement of the upper and middle facial third might have a relapse of the skeletal retraction after the removal of the distractor devices. Clinical signs related to this process are usually represented by exophthalmos, Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) or prognathism; however, the analytic definition of the relapse is(More)
The aim of the present study has been the evaluation of the effectiveness of oral irrigation with or without toothbrushing and dental flossing, in individuals treated with fixed orthodontic appliances, on controlling the development of dental plaque and, hence, of gingivitis. Eight individuals with a good general and oral status have been chosen. Before the(More)