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The factors that sequester transcriptionally repressed heterochromatin at the nuclear periphery are currently unknown. In a genome-wide RNAi screen, we found that depletion of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) synthetase reduces histone methylation globally and causes derepression and release of heterochromatin from the nuclear periphery in Caenorhabditis elegans(More)
Transcription is a central function occurring in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells in coordination with other nuclear processes. During transcription, the nascent pre-mRNA associates with mRNA-binding proteins and undergoes a series of processing steps, resulting in export-competent mRNA ribonucleoprotein complexes (mRNPs) that are transported into the(More)
RNA polymerases frequently deal with a number of obstacles during transcription elongation that need to be removed for transcription resumption. One important type of hindrance consists of DNA lesions, which are removed by transcription-coupled repair (TC-NER), a specific sub-pathway of nucleotide excision repair. To improve our knowledge of transcription(More)
To clarify the role of a number of mRNA processing factors in transcription elongation, we developed an in vivo assay for direct analysis of elongation on chromatin. The assay relies on two substrates containing two G-less cassettes separated by either a long and GC-rich or a short and GC-poor DNA sequence (G-less-based run-on (GLRO) assay). We demonstrate(More)
Gene expression in eukaryotes is an essential process that includes transcription, RNA processing, and export. One important player in this interface is the poly(A)(+)-RNA-binding protein Nab2, which regulates the mRNA poly(A)(+)-tail length and export. Here we show that Nab2 has additional roles during mRNA transcription, tRNA metabolism, and ribosomal(More)
The evolutionarily conserved protein Sem1/Dss1 is a subunit of the regulatory particle (RP) of the proteasome, and, in mammalian cells, binds the tumor suppressor protein BRCA2. Here, we describe a new function for yeast Sem1. We show that sem1 mutants are impaired in messenger RNA (mRNA) export and transcription elongation, and induce strong(More)
The eukaryotic THO/TREX complex, involved in mRNP biogenesis, plays a key role in the maintenance of genome integrity in yeast. mRNA export factors such as Thp1-Sac3 also affect genome integrity, but their mutations have other phenotypes different from those of THO/TREX. Sus1 is a novel component of SAGA transcription factor that also associates with(More)
The THSC/TREX-2 complex of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mediates the anchoring of transcribed genes to the nuclear pore, linking transcription elongation with mRNA export and genome stability, as shown for specific reporters. However, it is still unknown whether the function of TREX-2 is global and the reason for its relevant role in genome integrity. Here, by(More)
During DNA replication, chromatin is reassembled by recycling of modified old histones and deposition of new ones. How histone dynamics integrates with DNA replication to maintain genome and epigenome information remains unclear. Here, we reveal how human MCM2, part of the replicative helicase, chaperones histones H3-H4. Our first structure shows an H3-H4(More)
The complex relationship between ontogeny and phylogeny has been the subject of attention and controversy since von Baer's formulations in the 19th century. The classic concept that embryogenesis progresses from clade general features to species-specific characters has often been revisited. It has become accepted that embryos from a clade show maximum(More)