Cristina Ghezzi

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The Drosophila Notch gene and its ligands, Delta and Serrate, are involved in cell fate determination in a variety of developing tissues. Recently, several Notch, Delta and Serrate homologues have been identified in vertebrates. We report here the cloning of the human and murine JAGGED2 (JAG2), a Serrate-like gene, and the analysis of its expression pattern(More)
BACKGROUND Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex disease and the current interest and focus of scientific research is both investigating the variety of causes that underlie PD pathogenesis, and identifying reliable biomarkers to diagnose and monitor the progression of pathology. Investigation on pathogenic mechanisms in peripheral cells, such as fibroblasts(More)
Kallmann syndrome is an inherited disorder defined by the association of anosmia and hypogonadism, owing to impaired targeting and migration of olfactory axons and gonadotropin-releasing hormone secreting neurons. The gene responsible for the X-linked form of Kallmann syndrome, KAL-1, encodes a secreted protein of still elusive function. It has been(More)
Alteration of key regulatory kinases may cause aberrant protein phosphorylation and aggregation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we investigated expression and phosphorylation status of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3), protein kinase B (Akt) and tau protein in peripheral blood lymphocytes of 20 AD, 25 PD patients(More)
Hydrophobic bile acids have been shown to be hepatotoxic, whereas treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid, a hydrophilic bile acid, has improved liver function indices in patients with chronic liver disease. Taurine administration has also been suggested to be useful for chronic hepatitis, taurine-conjugated bile acids being more hydrophilic than(More)
Different bile acids have different effects on liver cells, depending on the degree of hydroxylation of the bile acid and the orientation of hydroxy groups. In decreasing order of hydrophobicity, and therefore hepatotoxicity, the bile acids may be ranked as follows: lithocholic greater than deoxycholic greater than chenodeoxycholic greater than cholic(More)
Chenodeoxycholic acid (CDC) and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDC) have distinct physicochemical and metabolic properties which, being complementary, should favor more rapid removal of cholesterol from gallstones when both bile acids are administered together. To see if the combination is more effective and well tolerated, we have compared 5 mg/kg of CDC plus 5(More)
Heterozygous mutations in GBA1 gene, encoding for lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase (GCase), are a major risk factor for sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). Defective GCase has been reported in fibroblasts of GBA1-mutant PD patients and pharmacological chaperone ambroxol has been shown to correct such defect. To further explore this issue, we investigated(More)
Kallmann syndrome is characterized by hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia and caused by a defect of migration and targeting of gonadotropin-releasing hormone-secreting neurons and olfactory axons during embryonic development. We previously cloned the gene responsible for the X-linked form of the disease encoding a 680 amino acid protein, KAL, which(More)
BACKGROUND Constipation is extremely common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and has been described in PD animal models. In this study, we investigated whether a PD-like degeneration of dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra can influence peristalsis in colonic segments of rats by impacting on enteric dopaminergic transmission. METHODS(More)