Cristina Fonseca-Berzal

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The growth inhibitory effect on Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes and the unspecific cytotoxicity over NCTC-929 fibroblasts of two series of previously synthesized 2,4-diaryl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolines (THQ), have been studied in vitro and compared with those of benznidazole (BZ). Derivatives AR39, AR40, AR41, AR91 and DM15 achieved outstanding selectivity(More)
Chagas disease chemotherapy, currently based on only two drugs, nifurtimox and benznidazole, is far from satisfactory and therefore the development of new antichagasic compounds remains an important goal. On the basis of antichagasic properties previously described for some 1,2-disubstituted 5-nitroindazolin-3-ones (21, 33) and in order to initiate the(More)
Solid dispersions (SD) of benznidazole (BNZ) in sodium deoxycholate (NaDC) or low-substituted hydroxypropylcellulose (L-HPC) were developed by freeze-drying process to improve the solubility of this low water-soluble drug and consequently, its trypanocidal activity. Although the dissolution studies showed a progressive decrease in the release rate of BNZ(More)
Thirteen aminoalcohols and eight diamines were obtained and tested against Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes strains MG, JEM and CL-B5 clone. Some of them were equal or more potent (1.0-6.6 times) than the reference compound nifurtimox. From them, three aminoalcohols and two diamines were selected for amastigotes assays. Compound 5 was as potent as the(More)
In this study, a series of 22 pre-synthesized 7-chloro-4-amino(oxy)quinoline derivatives was assayed in vitro as potential antichagasic agents. A primary screening against Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes and a non-specific cytotoxicity assay on murine fibroblasts were simultaneously performed, resulting quinolines 3, 7 and 12 with great selectivity (SI) on(More)
Twelve molecules from a series of 35 new 5-nitroindazole derivatives, selected from a successful primary screening on Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes, have been evaluated against intracellular amastigotes according to the previous results of their trypanocidal activity and unspecific cytotoxicity. 2-Benzyl-1-propyl (22), 2-benzyl-1-isopropyl (23), and(More)
Two series of new 5-nitroindazole derivatives, 1-substituted 2-benzylindazolin-3-ones (6-29, series A) and 3-alkoxy-2-benzyl-2H-indazoles (30-37, series B), containing differently functionalized chains at position 1 and 3, respectively, have been synthesized starting from 2-benzyl-5-nitroindazolin-3-one 5, and evaluated against the protozoan parasites(More)
This work aims to develop novel benznidazole (BZN) solid dispersions (SD) to improve its solubility and bioavailability properties. Low-substituted hydroxypropylcellulose (L-HPC) and sodium deoxycholate (NaDC) were evaluated as carriers. BZN solid dispersions containing different ratios of carrier were prepared by a freeze-drying process and characterized(More)
A new family of imidazo[4,5-c][1,2,6]thiadiazine 2,2-dioxide with antiproliferative Trypanosoma cruzi properties was identified from a neural network model published by our group. The synthesis and evaluation of this new class of trypanocidal agents are described. These compounds inhibit the growth of Trypanosoma cruzi, comparable with benznidazole or(More)
The phenotypic activity of two 5-nitroindazolinones, i.e. 2-benzyl-1-propyl (22) and 2-benzyl-1-butyl (24) derivatives, previously proposed as anti-Trypanosoma cruzi prototypes, was presently assayed on bloodstream trypomastigotes (BT) of the moderately drug-resistant Y strain. Further exploration of putative targets and cellular mechanisms involved in(More)