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We present a method to determine glucose 6-phosphate activity. This assay measures the rate of glucose released in the glucose-6-phosphatase reaction. The glucose is oxidized to beta-D-gluconolactone by glucose dehydrogenase in a coupled reaction that uses NAD(P)+. The determination is rapid, reproducible, and does not require withdrawal, precipitation,(More)
Down syndrome (DS) is the most frequent genetic cause of mental retardation. Cognitive dysfunction in these patients is correlated with reduced dendritic branching and complexity, along with fewer spines of abnormal shape that characterize the cortical neuronal profile of DS. DS phenotypes are caused by the disruptive effect of specific trisomic genes.(More)
Down's syndrome (DS) is a major cause of mental retardation, hypotonia and delayed development. Murine models of DS carrying large murine or human genomic fragments show motor alterations and memory deficits. The specific genes responsible for these phenotypic alterations have not yet been defined. DYRK1A, the human homolog of the Drosophila minibrain gene,(More)
Gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (GDEPT) is a two step therapeutic approach for cancer gene therapy. In the first step, the transgene is delivered into the tumor and expressed. In the second step a prodrug is administered and is selectively activated by the expressed enzyme. The first GDEPT system described was the thymidine kinase gene of the Herpes(More)
A large proportion of patients with mutations in the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) protein gene exhibit the milder phenotype termed X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT). Whereas stem cell transplantation at an early age is the treatment of choice for patients with WAS, therapeutic options for patients with XLT are controversial. In a retrospective multicenter(More)
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the WASP gene. The disease is known to be associated with extensive clinical variability, and mutation studies indicate that genotypes are also highly variant among WAS patients. In this study, we performed mutation analysis of the WASP gene in 14 unrelated Spanish(More)
Most studies on TCF7L2 SNP variants in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) focus on a role of the encoded transcription factor TCF4 in β cells. Here, a mouse genetics approach shows that removal of TCF4 from β cells does not affect their function, whereas manipulating TCF4 levels in the liver has major effects on metabolism. In Tcf7l2(-/-) mice, the(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) therapies show limited success. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is an innovative loco-regional therapy in which high-voltage pulses are applied to induce plasma membrane defects leading to cellular death. In the present study we evaluated the feasibility of IRE against PDAC. IRE treatment exhibited significant(More)
Motor deficits are among the most frequent impairments in Down syndrome (DS), but their neuropathological and molecular bases remain elusive. Here we investigate the motor profile of transgenic mice overexpressing Dyrk1a, Tg(Dyrk1a)1Cff (hereafter TgDyrk1a), a candidate gene hypothesized to cause some of the neurological defects associated with DS. We have(More)
Liver tropism hampers systemic administration of adenovirus in gene therapy and virotherapy. In consequence, tumour targeting requires the combination of capsid modifications that abrogate liver transduction and redirect adenoviral vectors to tumour cells. Coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR), integrins and heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans (HSG)(More)