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A study of 37 individuals with phenylketonuria (PKU; 17 females and 20 males, mean age 9y 9mo (standard deviation [SD] 5y 3mo), range 2y 8mo to 19y 4mo; and 35 individuals with hyperphenylalaninaemia (HPA; 20 females, 15 males, mean age 7y 10mo [SD 3y 2mo], range 2y 8mo to 17y 3mo) compared with 29 healthy controls (14 females and 15 males, mean age 9y 8mo(More)
Cognitive functions were assessed in 9 patients with mild to moderate phenylketonuria (PKU) ranging from 6 to 18 years of age, who were in long-term treatment (>5 years) with 5-9 mg/kg/day tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) on compassionate use, provided by Schircks Inc. An extensive study of cognitive functions (intelligence quotient (IQ), visuospatial, visual(More)
INTRODUCTION The developmental amnesia is a recently known entity that occurs as a consequence of hypoxic-ischemic events in the perinatal period. This is a specific deficit of episodic memory with greater preservation of semantic memory and other memory components such as the immediate and working memory. It occurs in patients without apparent neurological(More)
We report the case of a 5-year-old girl with initial symptoms of encephalitis who presented 24 hours later with hemiataxia, unilateral dysmetria, and hemiparesis. Brain magnetic resonance image (MRI) revealed a high T2-weighted signal in the ipsilateral hemicerebellar cortex. Forty-five days later, a second MRI disclosed signs of hemiatrophy and cortical(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphomannomutase deficiency (PMM2-CDG) is the most frequent congenital disorder of glycosylation. The cerebellum is nearly always affected in PMM2-CDG patients, a cerebellar atrophy progression is observed, and cerebellar dysfunction is their main daily functional limitation. Different therapeutic agents are under development, and clinical(More)
AIM We sought to describe the epidemiological and clinical data from our patients in the Pediatric Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (PEMU) of the Sant Joan de Deu Hospital of Barcelona, and determine the variables of risk for mental retardation. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective review of PEMU reports and hospital discharge summaries from March 2005 to(More)
INTRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT Acquired brain injury is one of the most common causes of long-term disability in childhood and traumatisms are the most prevalent cause. Diffuse axonal injury is associated with poor neuropsychological outcome. In contrast to early focal lesions, young age confers no advantage in the outcome of severe diffuse brain injury.(More)
INTRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT Non verbal learning disorder is a neurological condition which is considered to be a developmental disability. It is characterised by a specific dysfunction in motor, visuospatial and social skills in patients with a normal intellect and development of language. Warning signs in school are poor psychomotor coordination,(More)
INTRODUCTION Cerebellum traditionally has been considered as a neural structure dedicated to motor control. Published studies in the last decades suggest that the cerebellum has an important role in behaviour and cognition specially in paediatric age. OBJECTIVE We review the cerebellum role in cognitive function in developmental and acquired cerebellar(More)
INTRODUCTION Cerebral palsy involves not only motor impairment but also the impairment of cognitive functions. Visuo spatial impairment has often been reported in preterm children with spastic diplegia due to periventricular leukomalacia. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eight children with periventricular leukomalacia diagnosis. When examined their ages were between(More)
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