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Mitochondria are known to be strong producers of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and, at the same time, particularly susceptible to the oxidative damage produced by their action on lipids, proteins, and DNA. In particular, damage to mtDNA induces alterations to the polypeptides encoded by mtDNA in the respiratory complexes, with consequent decrease of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM To evaluate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome as defined by NCEP ATP III criteria in an Italian cohort of adult subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 2100 subjects aged 19 years or more, were randomly selected from the general population of the Lucca area. Metabolic syndrome was defined by the clustering of three or more of(More)
The model of the respiratory chain in which the enzyme complexes are independently embedded in the lipid bilayer of the inner mitochondrial membrane and connected by randomly diffusing coenzyme Q and cytochrome c is mostly favored. However, multicomplex units can be isolated from mammalian mitochondria, suggesting a model based on direct electron channeling(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether early myocardial structural and functional systolic and diastolic alterations in asymptomatic and uncomplicated patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) could be detected using the new highly sensitive echocardiographic techniques of integrated backscatter and color Doppler myocardial imaging. Forty(More)
This review examines two aspects of the structure and function of mitochondrial Complex I (NADH Coenzyme Q oxidoreductase) that have become matter of recent debate. The supramolecular organization of Complex I and its structural relation with the remainder of the respiratory chain are uncertain. Although the random diffusion model [C.R. Hackenbrock, B.(More)
Several species of mRNA have been shown to encode the alpha subunit of the stimulatory GTP-binding regulatory protein, Gs alpha. The various Gs alpha mRNAs are generated through alternative splicing of a single precursor RNA and through the use of alternative acceptor splice sites. We now report the existence of a Gs alpha mRNA that uses a previously(More)
Prevention of long-term complications remains the main challenge in the treatment of diabetes. A strong relationship between glucose control and development of complications is apparent in all epidemiologic studies. Yet, intervention trials have yielded questionable results, particularly when intensive treatment was introduced in patients with long-standing(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tissue is composed of a mixture of neoplastic and normal cells, which complicate proteome analysis. The aim of our study was to investigate whether it is feasible to establish primary cell cultures of RCC and of renal cortex maintaining the tissue phenotype along with a more homogeneous and enriched cytological material. Fourteen(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the most common neoplasm affecting the adult kidney, is characterised by heterogeneity of histological subtypes, drug resistance, and absence of molecular markers. Two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) technology in combination with mass spectrometry (MS) was applied to detect differentially expressed proteins(More)
The perirhinal cortex (PRh) and its cholinergic inputs are implicated in object recognition memory. Conversely, the hippocampus (HPC) may be involved in spatial recognition processes that are not essential to the recognition of objects per se. Systemic nicotine has been shown to facilitate both object and spatial memory. The current study compared the roles(More)