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AIM To investigate the frequency, clinical significance, and outcome of small-bowel intussusceptions in adults detected using ultrasound in an outpatient setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS In two different retrospective (January 2001 to April 2003) and prospective (May 2003 to June 2005) periods, 33 small-bowel intussusceptions were found in 32 patients (13(More)
AIM To evaluate whether symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), before diagnosis modify dietary habits, and to investigate the pre-illness diet in patients with recent IBD in comparison with an age-matched healthy control group. METHODS Overall, 83 new cases of IBD (41 ulcerative colitis, 42 Crohn's disease) and 160 healthy controls were studied.(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in the outcome of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) is unclear. Uncertainties remain on the treatment of CMV infection, especially in patients with a viral load just above the normal value in the blood or with very few positive cells in colonic biopsies. This retrospective cohort study reports the(More)
OBJECTIVES Perianal and rectovaginal fistulae are common complications in Crohn's disease. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and endoanal ultrasound are used for imaging perianal fistulae and abscesses, but both methods require expensive equipment and experienced investigators. Transperineal ultrasound may represent another method of detecting perianal(More)
Protein-loosing enteropathy in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) is an uncommon complication, but should be considered in any patient with hypoproteinemia in whom other causes have been excluded such as concomitant hepatic disease, severe malnutrition or proteinuria. The diagnosis is based on determination of fecal alpha-1 antitripsin(More)
INTRODUCTION Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic relapsing disease, characterised by alternating of acute and remission phases. Although the aetiology is unknown, in recent years, there has progressively been greater knowledge of the various pathogenetic mechanisms underlying the disease itself. Thus, from therapy based on generically anti-inflammatory or(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the accuracy of transperineal ultrasound (TPUS), in comparison with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in classifying perianal Crohn's disease (CD) according to Parks' classification and the American Gastroenterological Association criteria. METHODS Fifty-nine consecutive patients with confirmed or suspected perianal CD underwent TPUS(More)
The treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) has changed over the last decade. It is extremely important to optimize the therapies which are available nowadays and commonly used in daily clinical practice, as well as to stimulate the search for more powerful drugs for the induction and maintenance of sustained and durable remission, thus preventing further(More)
INTRODUCTION Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Surveillance colonoscopy is currently recommended for patients with long-standing extensive colitis for reducing CRC risk. Chemoprevention is an attractive complementary strategy. Areas covered: Inflammation is a major determinant of CRC risk and(More)
It is not clear whether aspecific ileitis may represent an early manifestation or a milder variant of Crohn’s disease or not. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of aspecific ileitis. Subjects with at least one of the following signs at retrograde ileoscopy: erythema, nodularity, aftae, erosions, and ulcers were considered. They(More)