Cristina Beatriz Dejean

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The population of Argentina is the result of the intermixing between several groups, including Indigenous American, European and African populations. Despite the commonly held idea that the population of Argentina is of mostly European origin, multiple studies have shown that this process of admixture had an impact in the entire Argentine population. In the(More)
The population of Argentina today does not have a "visible" black African component. However, censuses conducted during most of the 19th century registered up to 30% of individuals of African origin living in Buenos Aires city. What has happened to this African influence? Have all individuals of African origin died, as lay people believe? Or is it possible(More)
Ancient DNA recovered from 21 individuals excavated from burial sites in the Pampa Grande (PG) region (Salta province) of North-Western Argentina (NWA) was analyzed using various genetic markers (mitochondrial DNA, autosomal STRs, and Y chromosomal STRs). The results were compared to ancient and modern DNA from various populations in the Andean and North(More)
The aim of this study is to estimate the gene admixture in the population of Buenos Aires City from samples of blood donors, which come from a public health centre (Hospital de Clínicas). These studies were performed on 218 unrelated people, who donated blood during the year 2002. Eight erythrocyte genetic systems and GM/KM allotypes were analysed. A survey(More)
The "in vivo" interferon (IFN) induction capacity of two Junín virus strains--the attenuated XJCl3 and the intermediate virulent MC2--was studied in the guinea pig experimental model. Three different doses of XJCl3 strain--2,000, 10,000, and 50,000 TCID50--and a single dose of 10,000 TCID50 of MC2 were assayed. Animals were bled from day 0 to day 14(More)
A total of 495 individuals from five different Argentinian tribes was examined for variation in 23 blood group and protein genetic systems, and the results were integrated with previous data on some of these systems. These tribes generally present RH * R1, PGM1 * 1, and ACP * A frequencies lower and RH * R2, ESD * 1, and GLO * 1 prevalences higher than(More)
The interferon (IFN) induction capacity of the XJ prototype strain of Junín virus (JV) was investigated in the guinea pig model. Circulating alpha IFN was detected in 50% of the animals from days 2 to 9 postinfection (pi) and in 100% at day 11 pi, when all animals were in the premortem stage. Individual levels ranged from 20 to 1,280 guinea pig IFN units(More)
We have studied the hypervariable D1S80 locus in 185 individuals from five South American Indian tribes, integrating these results with previous investigations. Three alleles (*18, *24 and *30) were common to all tribes, but their frequencies varied between northern and southern populations. Brazilian tribes have a high frequency of *30 (average 35%) while(More)
New data on 17 blood group and protein genetic systems obtained among the Ayoreo and Lengua Indians of Paraguay are presented. They include the first report on the red cell band-3 protein investigated among South American Indians. This information was integrated with previous results available for these two and four other groups. Five of the six populations(More)