Cristina B Nochetto

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A liquid chromatography triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for residues of cyanuric acid (CYA) and melamine (MEL) developed by the Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) has been adapted for use with infant formula. This method consists of an initial extraction with 2.5% aqueous formic acid, followed by a series of filtration,(More)
We evaluated renal melamine-cyanurate crystal spherulite formation after single and repeated ingestion of both melamine (MEL) and cyanuric acid (CYA) in catfish and trout. MEL and CYA were co-administered orally over a range of doses, 0.1-20mg/kg body weight (bw) of each compound, either once or repeatedly for 4, 14 or 28 days (d). In catfish, the No(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether renal crystals can be experimentally induced in animals fed melamine or the related triazine compound cyanuric acid, separately or in combination, and to compare experimentally induced crystals with those from a cat with triazine-related renal failure. ANIMALS 75 fish (21 tilapia, 24 rainbow trout, 15 channel catfish, and 15(More)
We developed a new method to analyze animal feed and feed ingredients for melamine and cyanuric acid. The method is capable of extracting and detecting both melamine and cyanuric acid in a single procedure, whether present as free compounds or bound together as the melamine:cyanurate complex. A novel chromatographic system based on zwitterionic hydrophilic(More)
Methods for the measurement of gentamicin concentration in several bovine tissues were developed and validated. A novel liquid chromatographic (LC) technique employed trifluoroacetic acid in the mobile phase so that all gentamicin components co-eluted. Analytes were ionized by positive-ion pneumatically assisted electrospray and detected by selected(More)
The intentional addition of triazines such as melamine to animal feeds and the lack of information about residue accumulation in food animals caused global concerns for food safety during 2007 and 2008. We report the results of a good laboratory practices (GLP) study to determine melamine and cyanuric acid residues in catfish and trout filets harvested at(More)
Complaints due to odors are an important problem for the wastewater, composting, and animal agriculture industries. Accurate, objective measurement techniques are needed to monitor emissions, to develop new waste handling procedures, and to reduce the production of these volatile gases. Solid-phase microextraction was investigated as a technique for the(More)
The volatile and soil loss profiles of six agricultural pesticides were measured for 20 days following treatment to freshly tilled soil at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center. The volatile fluxes were determined using the Theoretical Profile Shape (TPS) method. Polyurethane foam plugs were used to collect the gas-phase levels of the pesticides at(More)
Gentamicin continues to be one of the most effective antibiotics for the treatment of gram-negative infections. Greater than 90% of the drug is rapidly eliminated from the body in <2 days, however, a small residue remains bound to the kidney cortex tissue for many months. In beef steers, the gentamicin residue is unacceptable and its presence is monitored(More)
The industrial chemical melamine was used in 2007 and 2008 to raise the apparent protein content in pet feed and watered down milk, respectively. Because humans may be exposed to melamine via several different routes into the human diet as well as deliberate contamination, this study was designed to characterize the effect of high dose melamine or cyanuric(More)