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Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) is an inflammatory reaction caused by chemical toxicity on the skin. The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is a key mediator of cytokine release, which recruits immune cells to sites of inflammation. We investigated the role of P2X7R in croton oil (CrO)-induced ICD using in vitro and in vivo approaches. ICD was induced in vivo by CrO(More)
In this study, the mechanism of action of the pro-apoptotic alkaloid lycorine on an amitochondriate cell, the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis, was investigated. The cytotoxicity of lycorine against T. vaginalis was studied from 2.5 to 1000μM and several important ultrastructural alterations were observed by electron microscopy. Lycorine arrested the T.(More)
Acute viral bronchiolitis by Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is the most common respiratory illness in children in the first year of life. RSV bronchiolitis generates large numbers of hospitalizations and an important burden to health systems. Neutrophils and their products are present in the airways of RSV-infected patients who developed increased lung(More)
Immune responses to heat shock proteins (Hsp) develop in virtually all inflammatory diseases; however, the significance of such responses is only now becoming clear. In experimental disease models, Hsp administration can prevent or arrest inflammatory damage, and in initial clinical trials in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases, Hsp peptides have(More)
Cytokines are key modulators of the immune responses that take place in the inflamed synovium of arthritis patients. Consequently, substances that can reverse the inflammatory profile of the inflamed joint are potential tools for clinical management of the disease. Mycobacterial heat shock protein 70 (MTBHSP70) has been found to protect rats from(More)
Innate immunity to tumors is mediated mainly by natural killer cells (NKs) and dendritic cells (DCs). The function of these cells is coordinated by cytokines produced during the inflammatory process. NK cells are highly active against tumors, being an important source of IFN-γ. Natural killer dendritic cells (NKDCs) were recently identified as a group of(More)
Scientific discoveries that provide strong evidence of antitumor effects in preclinical models often encounter significant delays before being tested in patients with cancer. While some of these delays have a scientific basis, others do not. We need to do better. Innovative strategies need to move into early stage clinical trials as quickly as it is safe,(More)
Sepsis is defined as systemic inflammation caused by infection. The membrane bound CD14 (mCD14) or the soluble form (sCD14) play a crucial role facing Gram-negative and Gram-positive sepsis since they are pattern recognition receptors of the innate immune response enabling cells to produce inflammatory cytokines against bacterial infections. A -260C>T(More)
ATP exerts a proinflammatory role and induces cytokine release by acting at P2X(7) receptors. The product of ATP hydrolysis is the nucleoside adenosine, an important immunomodulator. The main source of extracellular adenosine is the hydrolysis of extracellular ATP by a group of ecto-enzymes: ENTPDase family, NPP family and ecto-5'-nucleotidase. Considering(More)
CD4+ T cells regulate humoral and cell-mediated immune responses, which are progressively impaired in aging, resulting in susceptibility to infections and cancer. Dendritic cells (DCs) are major activators of T cells, providing signals that drive their expansion and differentiation. In this study, we asked if decreased CD4+ T cell responses were influenced(More)