Cristina Arruti

Learn More
Epithelial cells from the lens equator differentiate into elongated fiber cells. In the final steps of differentiation, the chromatin appears quite condensed and chromatin breakdown into nucleosomes occurs. DNA breaks due to an endodeoxyribonuclease activity corresponding to at least two polypeptides of 30 and 40 kDa have been identified. To identify the(More)
BACKGROUND The neural tube is formed by morphogenetic movements largely dependent on cytoskeletal dynamics. Actin and many of its associated proteins have been proposed as important mediators of neurulation. For instance, mice deficient in MARCKS, an actin cross-linking membrane-associated protein that is regulated by PKC and other kinases, present severe(More)
Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of cerebral ischemia injury, and the flavonoids have shown to be neuroprotective in experimental models of cerebral ischemia. Previously, we have shown that an aqueous preparation of quercetin did not reach the brain while a liposomal preparation produced measurable cerebral amounts of quercetin that(More)
We have investigated the localization of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) binding sites during the development of the neural retina in the chick embryo. The specificity of the affinity of bFGF for its receptors was assessed by competition experiments with unlabelled growth factor or with heparin, as well as by heparitinase treatment of the samples. Two(More)
Lens cells demonstrate a terminal differentiation process with loss of their organelles including nuclei. Chromatin disappearance is characterised by the same changes as most apoptotic cells, i.e. condensation of chromatin and cleavage into high molecular weight fragments and oligonucleosomes. The endo-deoxyribonucleases (bicationic (Ca2+, Mg2+),(More)
Protein phosphorylation is the most common post-translational modification that regulates several pivotal functions in cells. Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) is a proline-directed serine/threonine kinase which is mostly active in the nervous system. It regulates several biological processes such as neuronal migration, cytoskeletal dynamics, axonal guidance(More)
In a previous work [1] we showed that a neutral extract of bovine adult retina RE can stimulate the growth and modify the morphology of bovine epithelial lens (BEL) cells in vitro. We were also able to demonstrate that the differences in cell shape are closely related to the cell growth properties induced by RE and are mediated by cytoskeletal protein(More)
Lenses in organ culture permit an analysis of factors acting on epithelial cell growth, while keeping the normal steric constraints of the cell population. By employing this technique with radioautography of epithelial whole mounts, we showed that the DNA synthesis found in the epithelia of cultured bovine lenses follows an organized spatial and temporal(More)
PURPOSE Nuclear loss is a most remarkable organelle disappearance during terminal differentiation of lens fiber cells given that it implicates the full degradation of a major molecular component, DNA. Consequently, to gain insight into the progression of DNA cleavage we analyzed the appearance of single strand breaks in relationship with chromatin(More)
Fibre cells in the ocular lens exhibit a constitutive apoptotic process of nuclear degradation that includes chromatin breakage, generating a ladder pattern of DNA fragments. This process is intrinsic to the normal terminal differentiation program. Despite the loss of nucleus and cytoplasmic organelles, the terminal differentiated fibre cells remain in the(More)