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An in vivo anatomic study of gray matter volume was performed in a group of familial dyslexic individuals, using an optimized method of voxel-based morphometry. Focal abnormalities in gray matter volume were observed bilaterally in the planum temporale, inferior temporal cortex, and cerebellar nuclei, suggesting that the underlying anatomic abnormalities(More)
OBJECTIVE Few controlled studies have considered, in paediatric subjects, associations between Tourette's syndrome (TS) and psychiatric/behavioural disorders. We conducted a case-control study to verify the reproducibility of the few data published on this topic to date. METHOD Clinicians' impression (i.e. structured interviews and usual history taking),(More)
In this study, we used deletions at 22q13, which represent a substantial source of human pathology (Phelan/McDermid syndrome), as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of terminal deletions that are currently poorly understood. We characterized at the molecular level the genomic rearrangement in 44 unrelated patients with 22q13 monosomy(More)
Tourette syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by tics and comorbid behavioral problems. This study compared child- and parent-reported quality of life and everyday functioning. We assessed 75 children with Tourette syndrome, of which 42 (56%) had comorbid conditions (obsessive-compulsive disorder = 25; attention-deficit hyperactivity(More)
We report the neuropsychological profile and the pattern of brain activity during reading tasks in a sample of familial dyslexics. We studied our subjects with an in-depth neuropsychological assessment and with functional neuroimaging (fMRI) during word and pseudoword reading and false font string observations (baseline condition). The neuropsychological(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of reading, writing, and calculation disabilities in children with typical rolandic epilepsy (RE) and healthy control children. We also aimed to define the possible electroclinical markers of specific cognitive dysfunctions in RE. School abilities were evaluated and compared in 20 children (eight males,(More)
Continuous spikes and waves during slow sleep (CSWSS) is a well-known EEG pattern that can be associated with cognitive and behavioural deterioration. We present the long-term neuropsychological follow-up and nosological considerations of five patients who developed CSWSS during childhood. All five of our patients presented CSWSS, although the duration and(More)
Continuous spikes and waves during slow sleep (CSWS) are a well-known EEG pattern that can be associated with cognitive and behavioural deterioration. We present the long-term clinical, neuropsychological and EEG follow-up of two patients who developed CSWS during childhood. In both the CSWS onset was followed immediately by rapid cognitive and behavioural(More)
Focal epileptiform abnormalities in awake children submitted to ventricular shunting are well described in the literature, but there are few reports about EEG patterns during sleep. We studied 20 children affected by hydrocephalus of various aetiology and submitted to shunting during the first year of life. We found focal abnormalities in all the children(More)
PURPOSE To study neuropsychological functions in children with idiopathic epilepsy at onset of treatment and after 1 year of therapy and to identify factors associated with cognitive impairment. METHODS 43 Subjects aged 5.2-16.9 years with newly diagnosed idiopathic epilepsy were enrolled and started treatment with valproate or carbamazepine. At admission(More)