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BACKGROUND We assessed feasibility, short-term oncologic safety, and short-term outcomes in robotic total mesorectal excision (R-TME) for rectal cancer compared with laparoscopic TME. METHODS From March 2008 to June 2009, 50 patients with proven middle/lower rectal adenocarcinoma underwent minimally invasive TME; 25 received R-TME. The groups were(More)
BACKGROUND A single flexible sigmoidoscopy at around the age of 60 years has been proposed as an effective strategy for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. METHODS We conducted a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of flexible sigmoidoscopy screening on CRC incidence and mortality. A questionnaire to assess the eligibility and interest in(More)
BACKGROUND A single sigmoidoscopy examination at around age 60 years has been proposed as a cost-effective strategy to prevent colorectal cancer. A multicenter randomized controlled trial, the SCORE trial, is in progress in Italy to estimate the impact of this strategy on colorectal cancer incidence and mortality and the duration of the protective effect.(More)
OBJECTIVES Diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP/ES) can be associated with unforeseeable complications, especially when involving postprocedural pancreatitis. The aim of the study was to investigate risk factors for complications of ERCP/ES in a prospective multicentric study. METHODS One hundred fifty variables(More)
Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is a new method of non-contact electrocoagulation, using high frequency current by means of ionized argon gas (argon plasma). Recently, this technique has become available for flexible endoscopic delivery through special probes. Aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, indications and the possible side effects of APC use(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We conducted a study to estimate population coverage and detection rate (DR) achievable through different strategies of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. METHODS A population-based multicenter randomized trial comparing 3 strategies was used: (1) biennial immunologic fecal occult blood test (FIT), (2) "once only" sigmoidoscopy (FS), and(More)
BACKGROUND Pouchitis and dysplasia may affect the reservoir after restorative proctocolectomy. AIMS To assess the suitability of confocal laser endomicroscopy for the in vivo diagnosis of mucosal changes in ileal pouch for ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis. METHODS Standard endoscopy and endomicroscopy were performed in 18 pouches.(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis and management of Barrett's oesophagus are controversial. Technical improvements in real-time recognition of intestinal metaplasia and neoplastic foci provide the chance for more effective target biopsies. Confocal laser endomicroscopy allows to analyze living cells during endoscopy. AIMS To assess the diagnostic accuracy, inter- and(More)
OBJECTIVE It is unclear whether small bowel visibility in video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is enhanced by the use of bowel preparation in addition to pre-procedural fasting. The objective of this study was to clarify this issue by means of a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. METHODS Randomised controlled trials comparing the use of(More)
PURPOSE Preliminary results using rituximab in extranodal marginal zone (MALT) non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients seem to indicate a relevant clinical activity. Aim of the present study is to investigate the efficacy of conventional weekly treatment using rituximab in gastric MALT NHL patients resistant/refractory or not suitable for eradication(More)