Cristiano Capurso

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With a positive caloric balance, adipocytes undergo excessive hypertrophy, which causes adipocyte dysfunction, as well as adipose tissue endocrine and immune responses. A preferential site of fat accumulation is the abdominal-perivisceral region, due to peculiar factors of the adipose tissue in such sites, namely an excess of glucocorticoid activity, which(More)
A growing body of epidemiological evidence suggested that metabolic syndrome (MetS) and Mets components (impaired glucose tolerance, abdominal or central obesity, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, and reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) may be important in the development of age-related cognitive decline (ARCD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI),(More)
Clinical and epidemiologic research has focused on the identification of risk factors that may be modified in predementia syndromes, at a preclinical and early clinical stage of dementing disorders, with specific attention to the role of depression. Our goal was to provide an overview of these studies and more specifically to describe the prevalence and(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate prevalence, incidence, and rate of progression of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia and correlated vascular risk factors with incident MCI and its progression to dementia. METHODS The authors evaluated 2,963 individuals from the population-based sample of 5,632 subjects 65 to 84 years old, at the first (1992 to 1993) and(More)
The effect of a spring mineral water from Montecatini (Italy) on bile acid excretion, and lipid and apolipoprotein serum levels was evaluated. The study was conducted in subjects with serum total cholesterol (TC) level > 240 mg/dL and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) > 170 mg/dL, over a 9-week period, with 3 weeks of dietary stabilization, 3 weeks of active(More)
Among lifestyle-related factors, low to moderate alcohol drinking has been proposed as a protective factor against the development of age-related changes in cognitive function, predementia syndromes, and cognitive decline of degenerative (Alzheimer's disease, AD) or vascular origin (vascular dementia, VaD) in several longitudinal studies, but contrasting(More)
The possible impact of diet, particularly the intake of fatty acids, on cognitive decline and dementia was addressed recently by several studies. We investigated the role of dietary fatty acids on the rate of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in a population-based, prospective study carried out on 278 and 186 nondemented elderly subjects (65-84 years) at the(More)
Drugs currently used to treat Alzheimer's Disease (AD) have limited therapeutic value and do not affect the main neuropathological hallmarks of the disease, i.e., senile plaques and neurofibrillar tangles. Senile plaques are mainly formed of beta-amyloid (Abeta), a 42-aminoacid peptide. Neurofibrillar tangles are composed of paired helical filaments of(More)
Plasma and serum biochemical markers proposed for cognitive decline of degenerative (Alzheimer's disease, AD) or vascular origin and predementia syndromes (mild cognitive impairment and other related entities) are based on pathophysiologic processes such as lipoprotein metabolism (total cholesterol, apolipoprotein E, 24S-hydroxy-cholesterol), and vascular(More)
There is evidence from a population-based study of an inverse relationship between monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) energy intake and age-related cognitive decline (ARCD), while high polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) intake was positively associated with cognitive impairment in elderly subjects. We investigated the possible role of MUFA and PUFA on(More)