Cristiane Sousa Nascimento Baez Garcia

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Prone position may delay the development of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), but the mechanisms require better elucidation. In experimental mild acute lung injury (ALI), arterial oxygen partial pressure (Pa O2), lung mechanics and histology, inflammatory markers [interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1 beta], and type III procollagen (PCIII) mRNA expressions were(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of the rate of increase in airway pressure and duration of lung recruitment maneuvers in experimental pulmonary and extrapulmonary acute lung injury. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled experimental study. SETTINGS University research laboratory. SUBJECTS Fifty adult male Wistar rats. INTERVENTIONS Acute(More)
OBJECTIVE Uncertainties about the numerous degrees of freedom in ventilator settings leave many unanswered questions about the biophysical determinants of lung injury. We investigated whether mechanical ventilation with high air flow could yield lung mechanical stress even in normal animals. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled experimental study.(More)
We hypothesized that stress determined by force could induce higher type III procollagen (PCIII) mRNA expression than the stress determined by amplitude. To that end, rat lung tissue strips were oscillated for 1h under different amplitudes [1, 5 and 10% of resting length (L(B)), at 0.5 x 10(-2) N] and forces (0.25 x 10(-2), 0.5 x 10(-2) and 10(-2)N, at 5%(More)
The goal of the study was to compare the effects of different assisted ventilation modes with pressure controlled ventilation (PCV) on lung histology, arterial blood gases, inflammatory and fibrogenic mediators in experimental acute lung injury (ALI). Paraquat-induced ALI rats were studied. At 24 h, animals were anaesthetised and further randomized as(More)
We tested the hypothesis that at the early phase of acute lung injury (ALI) the degree of endothelium injury may predict lung parenchyma remodelling. For this purpose, two models of extrapulmonary ALI induced by Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (ALI-LPS) or cecal ligation and puncture (ALI-CLP) were developed in mice. At day 1, these models had similar(More)
Physical forces affect both the function and phenotype of cells in the lung. Bronchial, alveolar, and other parenchymal cells, as well as fibroblasts and macrophages, are normally subjected to a variety of passive and active mechanical forces associated with lung inflation and vascular perfusion as a result of the dynamic nature of lung function. These(More)
The time course of lung mechanics, histology, and inflammatory and fibrogenic mediators are analysed after intratracheal instillation (IT) of bone marrow-derived cells (BMDC) in a model of silicosis. C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into SIL (silica, 20mg IT) and control (CTRL) groups (saline IT). At day 15, mice received saline or BMDC (2 x 10(6)cells)(More)
To evaluate the effects of frequency and inspiratory plateau pressure (Pplat) during recruitment manoeuvres (RMs) on lung and distal organs in acute lung injury (ALI). We studied paraquat-induced ALI rats. At 24 h, rats were anesthetized and RMs were applied using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP, 40 cmH2O/40 s) or three-different sigh strategies:(More)
INTRODUCTION Recruitment maneuvers (RMs) seem to be more effective in extrapulmonary acute lung injury (ALI), caused mainly by sepsis, than in pulmonary ALI. Nevertheless, the maintenance of adequate volemic status is particularly challenging in sepsis. Since the interaction between volemic status and RMs is not well established, we investigated the effects(More)