Learn More
Secretion of the proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-18, usually requires two signals. The first, due to microbial products such as lipopolysaccharide, initiates transcription of the cytokine genes and accumulation of the precursor proteins. Cleavage and secretion of the cytokines is mediated by caspase-1, in association with an(More)
Several transposable elements were isolated from the genome of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. These elements and an avirulence gene isolated from X. oryzae pv. oryzae were used as hybridization probes for a collection of X. oryzae pv. oryzae strains from the Philippines. Each of the sequences was present in multiple copies in all strains examined and showed(More)
Restriction fragment length polymorphism and virulence analyses were used to evaluate the population structure of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, the rice bacterial blight pathogen, from several rice-growing countries in Asia. Two DNA sequences from X. oryzae pv. oryzae, IS1112, an insertion sequence, and avrXa10, a member of a family of avirulence genes,(More)
Ligation of the purinergic receptor, P2X7R, with its agonist ATP has been previously shown to inhibit intracellular infection by chlamydiae and mycobacteria in macrophages. The effect of P2X7R on chlamydial infection had never been investigated in the preferred target cells of chlamydiae, cervical epithelial cells, nor in vaginally infected mice. In this(More)
Rotavirus strains from 91 patients treated at a children's hospital from 1996 to 1998 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were characterized by electropherotyping, reverse transcription-PCR amplification for P and G genotypes, and Southern hybridization. Results obtained showed that following predominant [P],G type combination: P[4], G2 (21 per cent), P[8], G1 (17(More)
  • 1