Cristiane Hoelz

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INTRODUCTION Deferred or inappropriate antibiotic treatment in ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is associated with increased mortality, and clinical and radiological criteria are frequently employed to establish an early diagnosis. Culture results are used to confirm the clinical diagnosis and to adjust or sometimes withdraw antibiotic treatment.(More)
Rat isolated tracheae were labelled by incubation with [3H]choline to measure the tritium efflux elicited by electrical stimulation of the extrinsic parasympathetic nerves in vitro. Stimulated tritium efflux reflects the neuronal release of newly synthesized acetylcholine; the effects of potassium channel openers on the stimulated tritium efflux were(More)
This study aimed at evaluating acute pulmonary remodeling, focusing on alterations of fibers of the collagenous and elastic systems in ARDS in the exudative phase according to the etiology of the disease. ARDS patients (n = 23), who died in our institution between 1989 and 1997, were retrospectively studied. Ten patients who died in accidents, without any(More)
Seven control subjects and seven patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) were artificially ventilated and flow, volume, and tracheal pressure were monitored. Respiratory system resistance (Rrs,max) was partitioned into its homogeneous (Rrs,min) and uneven (Rrs,u) components. Respiratory system elastance (Ers) was also measured. In both(More)
The present study was undertaken in order to describe the morphological differences between pulmonary lesions in acute respiratory distress syndrome originating from direct pulmonary injury (ARDSp) and those originating from extrapulmonary injury (ARDSexp). We investigated a total of 38 ARDS-patients (27 males) ranging in age from 19 to 75 years, classified(More)
Hypomagnesemia is the most common electrolyte disturbance seen upon admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). Reliable predictors of its occurrence are not described. The objective of this prospective study was to determine factors predictive of hypomagnesemia upon admission to the ICU. In a single tertiary cancer center, 226 patients with different(More)
We evaluated the effects of acute blood loss on the respiratory mechanics of guinea pigs. We measured respiratory system elastance (Ers) and resistance (Rrsmax) using the end-inflation occlusion method. Rrsmax was partitioned into its homogeneous component (Rrsmin) and that due to the unevenness within the respiratory system (Rrsu). Respiratory mechanics(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the impact that open lung biopsy findings have on decisions regarding changes in the treatment strategies employed for critically ill patients presenting diffuse pulmonary infiltrates and suffering from refractory acute respiratory failure, as well as on their clinical improvement. METHODS This study involved 12 mechanically(More)
For DNA strand break analysis in human white blood cells, usually metrizoate-Ficoll centrifugation is used to isolate mononuclear cells. This procedure is time-consuming and requires at least 20 ml of blood per sample. Therefore, we developed a technique which does not require isolation of white blood cells prior to DNA strand break analysis by alkaline(More)