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Disease-causing splicing mutations described in the literature primarily produce changes in splice sites and, to a lesser extent, variations in exon-regulatory sequences such as the enhancer elements. The gene ATM is mutated in individuals with ataxia-telangiectasia; we have identified the aberrant inclusion of a cryptic exon of 65 bp in one affected(More)
In monosymptomatic forms of cystic fibrosis such as congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens, variations in the TG(m) and T(n) polymorphic repeats at the 3' end of intron 8 of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene are associated with the alternative splicing of exon 9, which results in a nonfunctional CFTR protein. Using a minigene(More)
It has been recently demonstrated that the 43-kDa transactive response (TAR)-DNA-binding protein (TARDBP) is the neuropathological hallmark of Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) with ubiquitin-positive and tau-negative inclusions. Large series of FTD patients without motor neuron disease have been previously analysed, but no TARDBP mutation was identified. The(More)
TDP-43 has recently been described as the major component of the inclusions found in the brain of patients with a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, such as frontotemporal lobar degeneration and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. TDP-43 is a ubiquitous protein whose specific functions are probably crucial to establishing its pathogenic role. Apart from its(More)
Nuclear factor TDP-43 has been reported to play multiple roles in transcription, pre-mRNA splicing, mRNA stability and mRNA transport. From a structural point of view, TDP-43 is a member of the hnRNP protein family whose structure includes two RRM domains flanked by the N-terminus and C-terminal regions. Like many members of this family, the C-terminal(More)
Exonic sequence variations may induce exon inclusion or exclusion from the mature mRNA by disrupting exonic regulatory elements and/or by affecting a nuclear reading frame scanning mechanism. We have carried out a systematic study of the effect on cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator exon 9 splicing of natural and site-directed sequence mutations. We(More)
Glycogen storage disease type II is a lysosomal storage disorder due to mutations of the GAA gene, which causes lysosomal alpha-glucosidase deficiency. Clinically, glycogen storage disease type II has been classified in infantile and late-onset forms. Most late-onset patients share the leaky splicing mutation c.-32-13T>G. To date, the mechanism by which the(More)
Deficiency of lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) leads to either Wolman disease (WD) or the more benign cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD). To identify the molecular basis of the different phenotypes we have characterised the LAL gene mutations in three new patients with LAL deficiency. A patient with WD was homozygote for a null allele Y303X. The other two(More)
The increase in genome scanning data, derived from clinical genetics practice, is producing a wealth of information on human sequence variability. The critical issue is to identify if a given nucleotide change results in a benign polymorphism or a disease-causing mutation. We have focused on one specific gene expression step, pre-mRNA processing, where we(More)
Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) gene mutations were identified in three patients with cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD). Direct sequencing of genomic DNA revealed that: patient 1 was a compound heterozygote for a P181L mutation and an A to G3' splice site substitution that causes skipping of exon 7, with a loss of 49 amino acids from LAL (delta 205-253);(More)