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BACKGROUND The FOLFOXIRI (irinotecan, oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and folinate) regimen has been shown to be better than FOLFIRI (fluorouracil, folinate, and irinotecan) in a phase 3 trial in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Results of various studies have shown that the addition of bevacizumab to chemotherapy increases treatment efficacy. We(More)
BACKGROUND The FOLFOXIRI regimen developed by the Gruppo Oncologico Nord Ovest (GONO) demonstrated higher activity and efficacy compared with FOLFIRI in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Panitumumab is effective in some patients with KRAS codon 12-13 wild-type mCRC. KRAS codon 61, HRAS, NRAS, and BRAF V600E mutations might predict resistance to(More)
CONTEXT Echinoderm microtubule associated proteinlike 4-anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase (EML4-ALK) translocation has been described in a subset of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and has been shown to have oncogenic activity. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is used to detect ALK-positive NSCLC, but it is expensive,(More)
BACKGROUND BRAF V600E mutation plays a negative prognostic role in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), leading to a median Progression Free Survival (PFS) of 4-6months with first-line conventional treatments. Our group recently reported in a retrospective exploratory analysis of a phase II trial that FOLFOXIRI (5-FU/LV+Oxaliplatin+Irinotecan) plus(More)
BACKGROUND The BRAF(V600E) mutation is the most frequent genetic alteration in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The role of BRAF(V600E) mutation as a poor prognostic factor has been controversially reported in series with short-term follow-ups. In this study we verified the prognostic value of the BRAF(V600E) mutation in PTC patients with a long-term(More)
BACKGROUND The BRAF(V600E) mutation, the most frequent genetic alteration in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), was demonstrated to be a poor prognostic factor. The aim of this study was to evaluate its prognostic significance in a large cohort of low-risk intrathyroid PTC. METHODS Among the 431 consecutive PTC patients, we selected 319 patients with an(More)
It is now well established that the CD30 glycoprotein is a surface antigen expressed by activated T cells producing T-helper (Th)-2-type lymphokines. Mounting laboratory evidence, however, suggests that CD30 expression is not confined to a functionally restricted subset of T cells, but also identifies activated cells with a Th-1 and Th-0 pattern of cytokine(More)
CONTEXT Because very few studies have examined the correlation between BRAF mutations and clinicopathological features of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), we analyzed here a large and homogeneous cohort of patients with PTC for the presence of the BRAF mutation. OBJECTIVE We examined BRAF mutations in a consecutive series of 500 PTC patients who(More)
This study was conducted to describe the modulation of plasma epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands in EGFR-positive metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients during treatment with cetuximab and irinotecan and to explore the clinical implication of plasma levels' variations as potential biomarkers of benefit. Plasma amphiregulin (AR), epidermal(More)
BACKGROUND Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements are detected in approximately 5% of cases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients who are positive for ALK rearrangements may be successfully treated with the ALK inhibitor crizotinib. Because advanced-stage lung cancers are not suitable for surgical resection, approximately 70% of(More)