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Patients who undergo transplantation with haploidentical "three-loci" mismatched T-cell-depleted bone marrow (BM) are at high risk for graft failure. To overcome the host-versus-graft barrier, we increased the size of the graft inoculum, which has been shown to be a major factor in controlling both immune rejection and stem cell competition in murine(More)
The equilibrium of sexual hormones in both sexes is controlled in vertebrates by the enzyme aromatase, a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily, which catalyzes the conversion of androstenedione and testosterone into estrone and estradiol, respectively. Flavonoids are diphenolic compounds present in whole grains, legumes, fruits, and vegetables that are(More)
A simple and sensitive gas chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (GC/MS/MS) method is described for the detection of anabolic steroids, usually found in keratin matrix at very low concentrations. Hair samples from seven athletes who spontaneously reported their abuse of anabolic steroids, and in a single case cocaine, were analyzed for methyltestosterone,(More)
BACKGROUND Because levamisole has been increasingly found as a component of illicit drugs, a robust method to detect its presence in hair samples is needed. However, no systematic research on the detection of levamisole in hair samples has been published. The method presented here uses direct immersion solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas(More)
Using electroencephalographic methods (EEG), we have analyzed the basal sleep structure and the EEG power spectra of gerbils and rats during periods of wakefulness (W), synchronized sleep (SS) and paradoxical sleep (PS). During the 6 hr light period examined, duration of sleep was similar for rats and gerbils, but gerbils showed fewer PS episodes and a(More)
PURPOSE Acute physical exercise is known to enhance slow-wave sleep (SWS) and reduce paradoxical sleep (PS) in humans. In this study, we examined the effects of moderate physical exercise on sleep in rats. METHOD Young adult Wistar rats underwent a 4-h baseline electroencephalographic (EEG) recording session. The following day, they were induced to walk(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of different kinds of physical exercise on plasma glutathione levels. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: In walking group (W; n=6), rats were trained to walk 0.8 m/min for 45 min; slow running group (SR; n=6) were trained to run 4 m/min for 45 min; fast running group (FR; n=6) ran(More)
N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) has been used as an antioxidant to prevent apoptosis triggered by different stimuli in different cell types. It is common opinion that cellular redox, which is largely determined by the ratio of oxidized and reduced glutathione (GSH), plays a significant role in the propensity of cells to undergo apoptosis. However, there are also(More)
In the present investigation, we estimated both the evolution and the severity of ischemic damage following unilateral carotid occlusion (UCO) in Mongolian gerbils by using conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, i.e. T2 weighted imaging) and histological techniques. Immediately after UCO, the animals showed different clinical effects. The mortality(More)
A new highly sensitive analytical method for determining gabapentin [1-(aminomethyl) cyclohexaneacetic acid; Neurontin] in serum using gas chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) was developed. GC-MS/MS was applied to determine the levels of gabapentin in serum samples of mice at 1 and 6 h after oral or intraperitoneal treatment (300 mg/kg). At 1(More)