Cristian Boboila

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Immunoglobulin variable region exons are assembled in developing B cells by V(D)J recombination. Once mature, these cells undergo class-switch recombination (CSR) when activated by antigen. CSR changes the heavy chain constant region exons (Ch) expressed with a given variable region exon from Cmu to a downstream Ch (for example, Cgamma, Cepsilon or Calpha),(More)
Classical nonhomologous end joining (C-NHEJ) is one of the two major known pathways for the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in mammalian cells. Our understanding of C-NHEJ has been derived, in significant part, through studies of programmed physiologic DNA DSBs formed during V(D)J recombination in the developing immune system. Studies of(More)
Class switch recombination (CSR) in B lymphocytes is initiated by introduction of multiple DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) into switch (S) regions that flank immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) constant region exons. CSR is completed by joining a DSB in the donor S mu to a DSB in a downstream acceptor S region (e.g., S gamma1) by end-joining. In normal cells,(More)
The classical nonhomologous end-joining (C-NHEJ) DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair pathway employs the Ku70/80 complex (Ku) for DSB recognition and the XRCC4/DNA ligase 4 (Lig4) complex for ligation. During IgH class switch recombination (CSR) in B lymphocytes, switch (S) region DSBs are joined by C-NHEJ to form junctions either with short(More)
Eukaryotic cells have two well-characterized DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair pathways. Homologous recombination accurately repairs postreplicative DSBs using an intact template from a sister chromatid. In contrast, nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) ligates DSBs without homology or with short (1–4 bp) junctional homologies referred to as microhomologies(More)
Classical non-homologous DNA end-joining (NHEJ) is a major mammalian DNA double-strand-break (DSB) repair pathway. Deficiencies for classical NHEJ factors, such as XRCC4, abrogate lymphocyte development, owing to a strict requirement for classical NHEJ to join V(D)J recombination DSB intermediates. The XRCC4-like factor (XLF; also called NHEJ1) is mutated(More)
The DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) and Artemis are classical nonhomologous DNA end-joining (C-NHEJ) factors required for joining a subset of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB), particularly those requiring end processing. In mature B cells, activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) initiates class switch recombination (CSR) by(More)
Disparate models for the development of peripheral B cells may reflect significant heterogeneity in recirculating long-lived B cells that have not been previously accounted for. We show in this study that the murine recirculating B cell pool contains two distinct, long-lived, posttransitional, follicular B cell populations. Follicular Type I IgM(low) B(More)
NF-kappaB1 and Notch2 are both required for the development of marginal zone (MZ) B cells. Analysis of B lymphocyte development in mice that are doubly heterozygous at the Notch2 and NF-kappaB1 loci revealed synergism between Notch2 and NF-kappaB1 during MZ B cell development. Two known transcriptional targets of the Notch pathway, Hes-5 and Deltex-1, were(More)