Craig Walters

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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic factor with a key role in several pathological processes, including tumour vascularization. Our preliminary observations indicated higher VEGF concentrations in serum samples than in matched plasma samples. We have now demonstrated that this difference is due to the presence of VEGF within(More)
1. Although mast cell hyperplasia is a feature of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, the extent and nature of mast cell activation in joint disease have not been clearly established. 2. We have investigated the levels of mast cell tryptase and histamine and also of eosinophil cationic protein in synovial fluid collected from 31 patients with(More)
A series of cases of sudden unexpected post-neonatal deaths from two centres in the UK have been investigated for evidence of mast cell activation using the biochemical markers tryptase and 9 alpha,11 beta-PGF2. Tryptase was selected as a possible marker because it is a component of mast cell secretory granules and, unlike histamine, it is not released from(More)
Isolated fat cells derived from 10-wk-old Zucker obese rats utilized substantially greater amounts of glucose per cell in the presence or absence of insulin than those from lean rats. Initial rates of deoxyglucose or 3-0-methylglucose uptake in fat cells from Zucker obese rats were also 5--10 times greater than those observed in cells from lean rats.(More)
Alterations in cell numbers, vascular permeability, and concentrations of various inflammatory mediators in the lung were measured in a guinea pig model of the late asthmatic reaction. Animals sensitized by inhalation of ovalbumin were challenged with an aerosol of ovalbumin or saline, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and peripheral blood were(More)
A combined suppressive effect of prolactin (PRL) and dopamine on the secretion of luteinising hormone (LH) at the level of the pituitary gland has been identified in sheep, a short-day breeder. However, little is known about the role of PRL in the intra-pituitary regulation of the gonadotrophic axis in long-day breeders. In the present study, we(More)
1. Although mast cell hyperplasia is a feature of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, the extent and nature of mast cell activation in joint disease have not been clearly established. 2. We have investigated the levels of mast cell tryptase and histamine and also of eosinophil cationic protein in synovial fluid collected from 31 patients with(More)
AIMS To compare the application of a non-radioactive in situ hybridisation (ISH) technique with an immunocytochemical technique for the detection of human parvovirus B19 in formalin fixed, paraffin wax embedded sections of macerated fetal tissue. METHODS Archived samples of liver, lung or kidney from 19 human fetuses were investigated for parvovirus B19(More)
It has been proposed that a specific IgE response contributes to the immunopathology of acute respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis but previous work has been difficult to replicate. Indirect evidence that might support this contention was sought by measuring total IgE concentrations in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples obtained from intubated(More)
1. To investigate the role of mast cells and eosinophils in the pathogenesis of nocturnal asthma, the plasma methylhistamine concentration, serum eosinophil cationic protein level and peak expiratory flow rate were measured 2-hourly for 24 h in 10 patients with nocturnal asthma and in 10 healthy control subjects. Nocturnal asthma was defined as at least one(More)