Craig W. Belsha

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Hypertension affects one billion people and is a principal reversible risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHAII), a rare Mendelian syndrome featuring hypertension, hyperkalaemia and metabolic acidosis, has revealed previously unrecognized physiology orchestrating the balance between renal salt reabsorption and K(+) and(More)
ABSTRACT: IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), usually found as glycosylated 41- and 38-kD forms, is the major serum IGFBP during extrauterine life. In normal serum IGFBP-3 binds one IGF peptide and one acid-labile (α) subunit in a high-molecular-weight (MW) complex of 150 kD. By RIA, an excess of IGFBP-3 is present in chronic renal failure (CRF) serum, where(More)
Renovascular disease is a frequent cause of severe hypertension in children and may result in significant morbidity or mortality. Most children presenting with renovascular hypertension have few if any symptoms, but devastating neurologic injury and congestive heart failure are still too often observed. Several new radiographic techniques have been used to(More)
As hypertensive target-organ damage has been associated with diminished diurnal blood pressure (BP) variation in adults, we compared diurnal BP patterns of hypertensive adolescents with left ventricular hypertrophy with normotensive and hypertensive adolescents with normal left ventricular mass. In addition, the frequency of microalbuminuria (Malb),(More)
Somatometric parameters, renal size, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were studied in 406 patients referred to pediatric nephrology and urology clinics. These patients included 269 females (66%), 67 African Americans (17%), and 87 patients with essential hypertension (21%). Z scores for the study population were comparable to published standards for(More)
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a complex complement-mediated disease that progresses to end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in 50% of cases. Dysregulation of the alternative pathway (AP) of the complement cascade manifests as microangiopathic anaemia and thrombocytopenia. Multiple genes in the AP have been implicated in disease pathogenesis. Here,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to adapt commercially available home blood pressure monitors for use in children ages 4 to 18 years and to compare the recordings obtained from the adapted devices to those obtained using a standard mercury sphygmomanometer. METHODS Sequential same-arm blood pressures were measured by trained observers in 106 children,(More)
BACKGROUND Calcineurin inhibitors such as cyclosporine are effective in preventing rejection in recipients of solid organ transplants. Unfortunately, the prolonged use of calcineurin inhibitors may result in progressive renal injury. METHODS We studied the renal function of 15 pediatric heart transplant recipients who were taking calcineurin inhibitors.(More)
A 35-question survey was mailed to 19 pediatric nephrologists regarding dialytic management of acute renal failure (ARF). Fifteen surveys were returned (79%). The purpose of the survey was to determine which renal replacement therapies (RRT) are most frequently used in the management of children with ARF in North America. Nephrologists were also questioned(More)
In critically ill children, acute renal failure (ARF) is associated with a high mortality. To assess the outcome and complications of pump-assisted hemofiltration (PAHF) using a standard volumetric pump to regulate blood flow, we retrospectively reviewed our experience in 52 patients with ARF treated with PAHF from 1989 to 1995. These patients ranged in age(More)