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We demonstrate a colorimetric glucose recognition material consisting of a crystalline colloidal array embedded within a polyacrylamide-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel, or a polyacrylamide-15-crown-5 hydrogel, with pendent phenylboronic acid groups. We utilize a new molecular recognition motif, in which boronic acid and PEG (or crown ether) functional(More)
The principles of the oligoethylene glycol (OEG) mixture synthesis are illustrated with the synthesis of all four possible stereoisomers of a hydroxybutenolide fragment common to murisolin and many other acetogenins. Modified dimethoxybenzyl groups with varying numbers of OEG units (-CH2CH2O-) are used to protect alcohols and serve as codes for(More)
We have used a newly developed qualitative computational approach, PROFEC (Pictorial Representation of Free Energy Changes), to visualize the areas of the ligand biotin where modifications of its structure might lead to tighter binding to the protein streptavidin. The PROFEC analysis, which includes protein flexibility and ligand solvation/desolvation, led(More)
We developed a carbohydrate sensing material, which consists of a crystalline colloidal array (CCA) incorporated into a polyacrylamide hydrogel (PCCA) with pendent boronic acid groups. The embedded CCA diffracts visible light, and the PCCA diffraction wavelength reports on the hydrogel volume. This boronic acid PCCA responds to species containing vicinal(More)
Thioalkyl containing K vitamin analogs have been shown to be potent inhibitors of hepatoma cell growth and antagonizers of protein tyrosine phosphatase activity. We now show that they inhibit the activity of specific protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP) in cell-free conditions in vitro, particularly the dual specificity phosphatase Cdc25A. Using primary(More)
In an approach for the preparation of macrocyclic C-glycosyl compounds, the C-glycosyl residue is synthesized by acid-assisted reduction of a cyclic hemiacetal with sodium cyanoborohydride. Macrocycle formation is effected by the reaction of a symmetrical bis(C-glycosyl)derived diamine with a dicarboxylic acid dichloride. The product macrocycles are(More)
A synthetic K vitamin analogue, 2-(2-mercaptothenol)-3-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone or Cpd 5, was previously found to be a potent inhibitor of cell growth [Nishikawa et al., (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 28304-28310]. The mechanisms of cell growth were hypothesized to include the inactivation of cellular protein tyrosine phosphatases, especially the Cdc25 family(More)
Dual specificity phosphatases (DSP) play an important role in control of the cell cycle and signal transduction. We have synthesized a new class of DSP inhibitors. Cpd 5 or [2-(2-mercaptoethanol)-3-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone] is one of the most potent of these. It inhibits DSPs of cells in culture and induces tyrosine phosphorylation of various DSP(More)
[structure: see text] [structure: see text] [structure: see text] Several Precipiton phosphines were prepared and employed in the Staudinger reaction and in the reduction of secondary ozonides. Both amines and aldehdyes were obtained in good to excellent yields and purities. After use of the phosphine, isomerization and precipitation of the spent phosphorus(More)