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We demonstrate a colorimetric glucose recognition material consisting of a crystalline colloidal array embedded within a polyacrylamide-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel, or a polyacrylamide-15-crown-5 hydrogel, with pendent phenylboronic acid groups. We utilize a new molecular recognition motif, in which boronic acid and PEG (or crown ether) functional(More)
We developed a carbohydrate sensing material, which consists of a crystalline colloidal array (CCA) incorporated into a polyacrylamide hydrogel (PCCA) with pendent boronic acid groups. The embedded CCA diffracts visible light, and the PCCA diffraction wavelength reports on the hydrogel volume. This boronic acid PCCA responds to species containing vicinal(More)
Dual specificity phosphatases (DSP) play an important role in control of the cell cycle and signal transduction. We have synthesized a new class of DSP inhibitors. Cpd 5 or [2-(2-mercaptoethanol)-3-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone] is one of the most potent of these. It inhibits DSPs of cells in culture and induces tyrosine phosphorylation of various DSP(More)
Thioalkyl K vitamin derivatives, like 2-(2-mercaptoethanol)-3-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone (Cpd 5), have been shown to inhibit both hepatoma cell growth and DNA synthesis in rat hepatocytes in vitro. We have here examined the tissue distribution, in vivo tolerance and growth inhibitory effects of a single injected dose of Cpd 5 in rats. Cpd 5 administered i.p.(More)
We previously found that K vitamin analogues caused cell growth inhibition in Hep3B hepatoma cells in vitro, which was associated with their inhibitory effects on protein tyrosine-phosphatases. In this study, we show that Cdc25A, a protein phosphatase, was inactivated by novel arylating K vitamin analogues. The inactivation of Cdc25A correlated with their(More)
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