Craig S. Nelson

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Agar is a biological polymer, frequently used in tissue engineering research; due to its consistency, controllable size, and concentration-based properties, it often serves as a representative material for actual biological tissues. In this study, nanoindentation was used to characterize both the time-independent and time-dependent response of agar samples(More)
We investigated the orbital and antiferromagnetic ordering behaviors of the half-doped bilayer manganite La(2-2x)Sr(1+2x)Mn2O7 (x ≃ 0.5) by using Mn L(2,3)-edge resonant soft x-ray scattering. Resonant soft x-ray scattering reveals the CE-type orbital order below T(oo) ≃ 220  K, which shows partial melting behavior below T(m) ≃ 165  K. We also found(More)
The spatial extent zeta(AFM) and strength J(AFM) of the antiferromagnetic (AFM) exchange coupling at buried Gd /Fe interfaces in ferrimagnetic [Gd(50 A)Fe(15,35 A)](15) sputtered multilayers is obtained from combined x-ray resonance magnetic reflectivity and magnetic circular dichroism measurements. zeta(AFM) is 4.1(7) A or approximately 1-2 interatomic(More)
We present an unreported magnetic configuration in epitaxial La(1-x) Sr(x) MnO3 (x ∼ 0.3) (LSMO) films grown on strontium titanate (STO). X-ray magnetic circular dichroism indicates that the remanent magnetic state of thick LSMO films is opposite to the direction of the applied magnetic field. Spectroscopic and scattering measurements reveal that the(More)
The question of how bulk electronic order is terminated at a surface is an intriguing one, and one with possible practical implications--for example in nanoscaled systems that may be characterized by their surface behaviour. One example of such order is orbital order, and in principle it should be possible to probe the termination of this order with surface(More)
Each year in the US three divers, on average, perish inside flooded caves and their remains require recovery. Recovery is a hazardous undertaking often performed by members of the International Underwater Cave Rescue and Recovery (IUCRR) team, in collaboration with local law enforcement and medical examiners/coroners. Since forming in 1999 the IUCRR have(More)
X-ray diffraction with photon energies near the Ru L2-absorption edge was used to detect resonant reflections characteristic of a G-type superstructure in RuSr2GdCu2O8 single crystals. A polarization analysis confirms that these reflections are due to magnetic order of Ru moments, and the azimuthal-angle dependence of the scattering amplitude reveals that(More)