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Outcome of unrelated donor marrow transplantation is influenced by donor-recipient matching for HLA. Prior studies assessing the effects of mismatches at specific HLA loci have yielded conflicting results. The importance of high-resolution matching for all HLA loci has also not been established. We therefore examined the effects of HLA matching (low or high(More)
The National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) maintains a registry of approximately 4 million volunteer unrelated donors for patients in need of a stem cell transplant. When several comparably HLA-matched volunteers are identified for a patient, various criteria are used to select a donor. A retrospective analysis of 6978 bone marrow transplantations facilitated(More)
Large registries of volunteer hematopoietic stem cell donors typed for HLA contain potentially valuable data for studying haplotype frequencies in the general population. However the usual assumptions for use of the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm are typically violated in these registries. To avoid this problem, previous studies using registry data(More)
BACKGROUND The feasibility, safety, and efficacy of prolonged use of an artificial beta cell (closed-loop insulin-delivery system) in the home setting have not been established. METHODS In two multicenter, crossover, randomized, controlled studies conducted under free-living home conditions, we compared closed-loop insulin delivery with sensor-augmented(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate feasibility, safety, and efficacy of overnight closed-loop insulin delivery in free-living youth with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Overnight closed loop was evaluated at home by 16 pump-treated adolescents with type 1 diabetes aged 12-18 years. Over a 3-week period, overnight insulin delivery was directed by a(More)
In modeling particle transport through a medium, the path of a particle behaves as a transient Markov Chain. We are interested in characteristics of the particle's movement conditional on its starting state which take the form of a \score" accumulated with each transition. Importance sampling is an essential variance reduction technique in this setting, and(More)
Long-term survival and improved neuropsychological function have occurred in selected children with Hurler syndrome (MPS I H) after successful engraftment with genotypically matched sibling bone marrow transplantation (BMT). However, because few children have HLA-identical siblings, the feasibility of unrelated donor (URD) BMT as a vehicle for adoptive(More)
PURPOSE Transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells from an unrelated donor (URD) is an option for many patients who do not have an HLA-identical sibling donor (MSD). Current criteria for the selection of URDs include consideration for HLA alleles determined by high resolution typing methods, with preference for allele-matched donors. However, the utility(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the value of reading center error correction in automated optical coherence tomography (OCT; Stratus; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, CA) retinal thickness measurements in eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS OCT scans (n=6522) obtained in seven Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network (DRCR.net) studies were(More)
BACKGROUND The National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) receives federal funding to operate a registry of over 4 million volunteer donors for patients in need of a hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Because minority patients are less likely to find a suitably matched donor than whites, special efforts have been aimed toward recruitment of minorities.(More)