Craig Peterson

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Acetylation of histone H4 on lysine 16 (H4-K16Ac) is a prevalent and reversible posttranslational chromatin modification in eukaryotes. To characterize the structural and functional role of this mark, we used a native chemical ligation strategy to generate histone H4 that was homogeneously acetylated at K16. The incorporation of this modified histone into(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are among the most deleterious forms of DNA lesions in cells. Here we induced site-specific DSBs in yeast cells and monitored chromatin dynamics surrounding the DSB using Chromosome Conformation Capture (3C). We find that formation of a DSB within G1 cells is not sufficient to alter chromosome dynamics. However, DSBs formed(More)
The yeast SWI1, SWI2 (SNF2), and SWI3 genes are required for transcription of HO and INO1 genes. We show that they are also required for transcription of ADH1, ADH2, SUC2, GAL1, and GAL10 and for function of simple UAS elements with binding sites for yeast GAL4 or Drosophila ftz proteins. SWI3 encodes a 99 kd nuclear protein containing a large, highly(More)
The dynamic structure of individual nucleosomes was examined by stretching nucleosomal arrays with a feedback-enhanced optical trap. Forced disassembly of each nucleosome occurred in three stages. Analysis of the data using a simple worm-like chain model yields 76 bp of DNA released from the histone core at low stretching force. Subsequently, 80 bp are(More)
An iWarp component connected to a local memory forms Abstract an iWarp cell; up to 64 MBytes of memory are directly addressable. A large array of iWarp cells will deliver an iWarp is a system architecture for high speed signal, image enormous computing bandwidth never before realized in disand scientific computing. The heart of an iWarp system is the iWarp(More)
Imagine trying to stuff about 10,000 miles of spaghetti inside a basketball. Then, if that was not difficult enough, attempt to find a unique one inch segment of pasta from the middle of this mess, or try to duplicate, untangle and separate individual strings to opposite ends. This simple analogy illustrates some of the daunting tasks associated with the(More)
Ino80 and Swr1 are ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling enzymes that have been implicated in DNA repair. Here we show that Ino80 is required for cell cycle checkpoint adaptation in response to a persistent DNA double-strand break (DSB). The failure of cells lacking Ino80 to escape checkpoint arrest correlates with an inability to maintain high levels of(More)
The SWI/SNF protein complex is required for the enhancement of transcription by many transcriptional activators in yeast. Here it is shown that the purified SWI/SNF complex is composed of 10 subunits and includes the SWI1, SWI2/SNF2, SWI3, SNF5, and SNF6 gene products. The complex exhibited DNA-stimulated adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity, but(More)
Phosphorylated histone H2AX (gamma-H2AX) forms foci over large chromatin domains surrounding double-stranded DNA breaks (DSB). These foci recruit DSB repair proteins and dissolve during or after repair is completed. How gamma-H2AX is removed from chromatin remains unknown. Here, we show that protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is involved in removing gamma-H2AX(More)
INO80 is an evolutionarily conserved, ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling enzyme that plays roles in transcription, DNA repair, and replication. Here, we show that yeast INO80 facilitates these diverse processes at least in part by controlling genome-wide distribution of the histone variant H2A.Z. In the absence of INO80, H2A.Z nucleosomes are mislocalized,(More)